Yurt, which is a tent

The traditional dwelling of the Kalmyks is a yurt. Only in Kalmykia they are called "kibits". Round base, wooden flooring, lattice frame and felt walls. The assembly process takes about an hour, maximum two. I happened to live in a yurt, it was an unforgettable experience.

The walls are made up of gratings. From above the yurt is covered with felt. The dimensions and capacity of the home are considered the number of walls. We need the diameter, and it is enough for Kalmyk to say that the yurt is of 6 walls. It is immediately clear how many people can be placed there. In the history of the famous yurt-palaces of 25 walls, it fits up to 100 people.

The entrance to the yurt is usually from the south side. In the center of the yurt is the hearth. Smoke goes into the hole, it also serves for daylight.

The hole closes tight on cold or rainy days. In winter, the yurt is covered with a waterproof fabric. In summer, the walls turn up from the bottom, then the wind circulates freely in the room. The total weight of the yurt is about 300-400 kg. This is the carrying capacity of a camel.

During a trip to Mongolia, I spent several nights in the steppe.The first time was a relatively civilized place, in the town of Kharakhorin. The second night was in the steppe on the shore of the lake. The hosts settled us in a guest yurt and drove to our home a couple of kilometers away. In the morning I woke up from the trampling of horses that rushed to drink water. We were separated only by a thin felt wall. Very unusual impressions. It will be necessary to rummage in the bins and put Mongolian photos.

Finally, the magnificent Yasha, who conquered everyone with his charisma. He liveson cordon Atsan-Khudukwhere I watched the construction of the yurt.

And there are yarangas, wigwams, tents, a needle and the plague. But that's another story.

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