Yeast fungus Candida albicans - the causative agent of candidiasis
What is candidiasis?
Candidiasis, or, as it is otherwise called popularly, thrush, is a fungal disease. Its pathogen is a yeast-like fungus Candida albicans. This fungal infection most often affects the external genital organs (vulva, vagina, glans penis) and the oral cavity. Many people think that thrush is a genital infection and is sexually transmitted, but it is not. Yeast fungus can settle in the intestines, and skin folds, and in the corners of the mouth, etc. In addition, Candida albicans is often infected during childbirth, when the fetus passes through the birth canal of a patient with mother's candida infection.
Causes of candidiasis
The presence of a small number of fungi of the genus Candida in the human body is the norm. In case of a thrush disease, the yeast fungus begins to multiply rapidly. The cause of candidiasis can be an imbalance of the microflora of the vagina, caused by a weakened immune system or a metabolic disorder.Causes of imbalance in the vaginal microflora can also be stress, inflammation of the genital organs, chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus or tuberculosis. In addition, the fungus can multiply due to excess sugar in the body, as well as excessive use of antibiotics.
Symptoms of candidiasis
The most unpleasant symptoms of thrush are itching, burning and soreness in the affected area. Yeast fungus in a woman can also cause redness and swelling of the labia, and in a man redness and soreness of the glans penis. However, the most characteristic feature of this disease is a cheesy-white discharge, which sometimes smells unpleasant. When thrush can also be observed pain during urination and sexual intercourse. If the yeast fungus settled and began to multiply in the oral cavity, then the symptoms of this type of thrush (candidal stomatitis) are white plaque on the tongue, palate, gums and even on the tonsils.
Treatment of candidiasis
Depending on how much yeast is present in the body, in women the treatment can be local or general.Topical treatment occurs in milder forms of the disease using various creams and vaginal suppositories. Candles Betadine, Hexicon, Livarol are very popular, and Ginofort, Clotrimazole and others are made of creams. In the general treatment of the patient, antifungal tablets or capsules are prescribed. For example, Mikosist, Diflucan, Flucostat, etc. But the antifungal drug Nystatin, which our grandmothers and mothers were treated with, is not effective in treating vaginal candidiasis.In severe cases, doctors have to prescribe both local and tableted treatment. If the disease has passed into the chronic stage, then the treatment can be long and combined, but in many cases the yeast fungus can not be completely removed from the body. However, in order to fully recover from this disease, it is necessary to find and eliminate the factors affecting its development. Since the yeast fungus develops due to an excess of sugar in the body, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of sugar-containing and flour products, and personal hygiene is also very important.