Why rings in the ear constantly?
Scientifically, the sensation of noise, whistling, ringing, or buzzing in the ears is called tinnitus. Sooner or later, almost every person encounters him. But sometimes this phenomenon turns out to be too uncomfortable, making it difficult to concentrate and creating problems in everyday life.
In order to understand what exactly is happening at such a moment with the organs of hearing, we will describe further. So why is it ringing in the ear, a symptom of what disease can this phenomenon turn out to be and how to react to it?
About the various causes of tinnitus
Since hearing is very important for a person, helping him orient himself in space, memorizing information, etc., the appearance of extraneous sounds of unclear origin, especially if they become permanent, makes him look for the original source of the problem.
And it should be noted that the reasons for ringing in the ear can be very much. And most often this happens if water enters the ear canals or if the person has experienced a stressful situation.Tinnitus can occur after listening to loud music, it can be a reaction to changing weather or a sharp drop in atmospheric pressure (for example, when taking off an airplane or while diving).
Tinnitus occurs as a result of fatigue, and after excessive physical exertion, and even because of the accumulation of sulfur in the ear canal (the so-called sulfuric plug). But besides this, the described phenomenon can be a symptom of serious diseases.
Why is ringing in the left ear?
If a patient has an ear ring, doctors may suspect an infection. For example, inflammation of the middle ear - the cavity behind the eardrum. There are three special bones (a hammer, an anvil and a stirrup) that transmit sound vibration from the eardrum further to the cochlea (tube with fluid), and with its help - to the auditory nerve.
In inflammatory processes in the middle ear, edema is formed, and sometimes fluid accumulates, which reduces mobility, and with it the transmitting ability of these elements. All this leads to a background noise, which explains why it rings in the right ear (or left) during otitis.By the way, this ailment is most often accompanied by painful sensations in the ear canal, its redness, purulent discharge from the ear, fever and hearing impairment.
Another reason why it rings in the ear can be otosclerosis - the pathological growth of bone tissue in the labyrinth of one ear, which eventually passes to another.
In most cases, this problem begins to develop as early as adolescence, during puberty, and the disease occurs in girls 2 times more often than among young men. By the way, a reliable cause of the pathology has not yet been established, although researchers have reasons to believe that otosclerosis can be triggered by dysfunction of the endocrine glands in transitional age, as well as loud music effects on hearing, which teenagers are very fond of.
But, be that as it may, this disease leads to the appearance of a painful ringing in the ears and a serious hearing loss. Interestingly, such patients hear better in a noisy environment (somewhere in transport, on the street or even in the shop) than in a quiet room.
When we hear ringing in the ears
Unfortunately, there are many other explanations for why it rings in your ears. Constantly this symptom may haunt people with various diseases, being one of the signs of a developing ailment. And it should be noted that most often it is some kind of vascular pathology, although inflammatory processes are not uncommon that can cause not only tinnitus, but even hearing loss.
In this way, our hearing organs can signal metabolic disorders, such as thyroid dysfunction, problems with the cervical spine, abnormalities of the mandibular and temporal joints, as well as the presence of neoplasms in the head or neck area or a tumor (the so-called neuroma ) of the auditory nerve itself, which, pushing it down, causes severe tinnitus.
Vascular disease causing tinnitus
Listing the diseases, the presence of which may be the answer to the question of why it rings in the ears and in the head, in the first place, it is worth mentioning the widespread, unfortunately, now hypertension.
As a rule, this symptom is accompanied by an increase in blood pressure.And if he is also joined by a headache, “flies” before his eyes, pain in the region of the heart and nausea, an ambulance should be called, since it is most likely a hypertensive crisis that can trigger a stroke.
By the way, the result of existing hypertension may be stenosis (narrowing) of cerebral vessels. It is also accompanied by noise and ringing in the ears, which, by the way, is practically the only symptom in the early stages of this disease. And other clinical signs are detected only when the stenosis already covers up to 70% of the vessels and threatens with the development of stroke, myocardial infarction and other serious consequences.
Sensorineural hearing loss
The state of the vessels is perhaps one of the most frequent causes of the described symptom. For example, the answer to the question "why rings in the ears constantly" may lie in the existing sensorineural hearing loss.
And the main condition for its development is the presence of atherosclerosis - obstruction of the smallest vessels supplying the inner ear with blood. Because of this, the nutrition of the smallest villi is disrupted, covering the inside of the walls of the cochlea and perceiving sound vibrations to transmit them further to the auditory nerve.These villi die, which ultimately leads to perverted perception of sounds and constant noise in the ears.
And although this pathology is characteristic mainly for elderly people, it can also develop in younger patients as a result of illness or the use of antibiotics, which will be listed below.
What can tell pulsating tinnitus
By the way, you should know that doctors consider the so-called “pulsating” tinnitus to be a dangerous symptom. It coincides with the pulse and most often is a sign of any vascular anomaly, for example, aneurysm or vascular malformation.
Aneurysm is a thinning of the blood vessel walls, and malformation is the wrong connection between them. Both of these states are very dangerous, since at any moment they can lead to their rupture. And from this it follows that with a constant pulsating noise, it would be more correct not to reflect on why it is ringing in the ear, but to urgently contact a specialist for an examination.
How to prevent diseases causing tinnitus?
And all the problems listed, and those that were not mentioned, are serious enough for a sane person to try to prevent them from occurring. And for this it is important:
- keep your ears away from strong noise;
- regularly clean them from sulfur plugs;
- avoid high cholesterol and blood sugar levels - conditions leading to atherosclerosis;
- to deal with an increase in pressure;
- with caution and only under the supervision of a physician to take funds that can have a negative impact on the state of the villi, for example, Kanamycin, Gentamicin, Streptomycin, Cisplatin or Furosemide, and others that are ototoxic.
And of course, do not guess why sometimes it rings in the ears, and when these symptoms appear, go as soon as possible to consult a specialist.