Why Lenin is not buried so far?
93 years have passed since the onset of the mortal hour for Vladimir Lenin, and during all these years his body is in the Mausoleum in the center of Russia. Why Lenin was not buried to this day? Let's take a closer look at this difficult question.
How it all began
The problem of the burial of the leader of the proletariat was first discussed in 1923, during the life of Ulyanov. Why was Lenin buried in the Mausoleum?
At the Politburo meeting, Stalin said that Ulyanov was not in the best physical shape. Joseph Vissarionovich raised the question of embalming Lenin's body. Trotsky spoke out against this idea, linking it with Orthodox traditions to venerate the relics of holy saints. Kamenev shared the opinion of Trotsky, saying that Lenin would be against any manifestations of “priesthood”. Bukharin also expressed skepticism about the exaltation of the leader’s body, believing that dust could hardly sanctify the place near the Kremlin.
When Lenin died, such skeptical thoughts were not expressed out loud. For several days they built a wooden mausoleum, where they placed the body of Lenin.
Lenin's wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, publicly expressed her disagreement with such reverence for the leader. Her appeal was published in the newspaper Pravda. Krupskaya warned against the construction of magnificent monuments and palaces for her deceased husband, arguing that this opinion was that Vladimir Ilyich himself did not attach importance to such things during his lifetime. Hope was never in the Mausoleum and did not recall it in her writings and articles. The rest of the family were also against the mummification of the body of the Communist leader.
Some historians suggest that Lenin himself wanted to be buried at the Leningrad Volkov cemetery, where his mother’s grave is located. However, no documentary evidence of this will remains.
Bonch-Bruyevich said that much later than Lenin’s death, the views of his relatives on the form of the leader’s burial changed. The idea to perpetuate the appearance of Vladimir Ilyich so overwhelmed everyone that all opposing views were left for the sake of the need of the masses of the proletariat.
After Stalin’s death, a congress of the communist party was organized, where they decided to create a single monument for all the great Soviet people and place the remains of Lenin and Stalin there.However, the construction of the Pantheon stopped with the advent of Khrushchev and his policy of de-Stalinization. Khrushchev actively opposed the Stalin regime as a whole, calling it the “mistake” of the ruler. The body of Stalin was removed from the Mausoleum and buried near the Kremlin wall, where it is still located.
Before the period of perestroika, the question of why Lenin was not buried was not raised. In 1989, Mark Zakharov for the first time publicly began to say that the burial is necessary. According to him, everyone has the right to be brought to earth after death, and no one can deprive anyone of such an opportunity. And all other phenomena are imitations of paganism. In 2011, Zakharov once again expressed his opinion on the TV channel “Rain”.
After the collapse of the Soviet state, the topic of why Lenin was not buried again sounded in the society. There was talk about the need to bury the body of the leader under the ground. Petersburg mayor Sobchak became actively involved in the controversy. He communicated with Yeltsin and urged him to bury the body of the proletarian leader. Sobchak asked Yeltsin to issue a decree on the burial, and promised to take on all the other chores.He wanted to hold a magnificent funeral ceremony, emphasizing the leader’s special place in the history of the country. But the head of state did not give consent to the burial.
Many politicians supported the mayor of Sobchak in the idea of burial, but believed that it was necessary to wait until the time when there were no ardent communists in the country. They replied to Sobchak that the pacification of Lenin would be connected precisely with the disappearance of the avid communists.
In 1993, Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov addressed President Yeltsin in an official letter, in which he expressed the need for the reconstruction of the main square of the country. Luzhkov insisted on the burial of Lenin and other personalities buried in the Kremlin. Unfortunately, Yeltsin did not respond to Luzhkov’s appeal.
The discussed question of why Lenin was not buried continued to concern many Russian minds. In 1994, the Democrats led by Valeria Novodvorskaya organized a picket in the center of Moscow with the slogan about the need to bury the body of the leader of the Communists. The authorities dispersed the picket and detained the participants.
In 1999, Yeltsin, summing up his reign, in an interview with the Izvestia newspaper, stressed the seriousness of the question of Lenin's burial.He assured that the body will be buried, but it is unknown when this will happen. Yeltsin answered the question about why Lenin was in the Mausoleum, and not buried, associating this circumstance with the important role of this figure in the life of the state as a whole. Yeltsin also supported the Orthodox leader Alexy II in the thought that it was not in Christian tradition to demonstrate the body of the deceased. The President promised to conduct detailed work in this direction.
In 2000, activists of the Union of Right Forces Party proposed, on the basis of the Mausoleum, to build a complex in honor of historical figures and bury Ulyanov. Members of the LDPR party liked the initiative, but the State Duma did not accept the idea for consideration, stating its inopportune nature.
In 2005, the director Mikhalkov after the funeral of General Denikin said that Lenin’s funeral should be a further step. But again, the idea did not find embodiment.
In 2008, Mikhail Gorbachev also spoke in favor of the idea of the burial of Ulyanov, but did not insist on a specific date.
In 2011, Duma member Vladimir Medinsky again raised the question of why Lenin had not yet been buried. He said that the celebration of the anniversary of the death of the leader - this is an absurd event, dating back to the pagan necrophilic traditions.Medinsky stressed that no more than 10% remained of Lenin’s body. Medinsky was supported by the head of the CEC, Andrei Vorobyov, recalling the Orthodox canons and human customs.
Vladimir Putin is very sensitive to this topic. To the question of why Lenin is still not buried, he tactfully answers that there is no need to take steps that cause division in society. The current president pays great attention to the consolidation of modern Russian society.
Mausoleums of the world
Mausoleums are known from ancient times and exist around the world. In Turkey, in the IV century BC, the first such building was built. The mausoleum became the tomb of the Carian ruler of the Mausoleum, who became famous for either cruelty or justice. The tomb of the Mausoleum is today considered one of the wonders of the world, however, only ruins remained of it.
There is a huge mausoleum in Vietnam, where the body of the communist leader Ho Chi Minh is located.
In China, the body of the revolutionary Sun Yat-sen is placed in an octagonal mausoleum. The tomb was built at the expense of citizens.
In Beijing in 1977, the embalmed body of Mao Zedong was preserved in the same way.
Known mausoleums in Iran, North Korea, Cuba. As you can see, the Moscow mausoleum is not at all a unique creation.
Many Orthodox citizens, worrying about why Lenin is not buried, substantiate their opinion with Orthodox traditions to bury the body under the ground. However, historian Vladlen Loginov indicates that the repair of the mausoleum was carried out with the consent of the Russian church.
Moreover, in the history of Orthodoxy there are many similar burials. For example, the body of the surgeon Pirogov after death was embalmed, laid in the tomb, over which the temple was later erected.
Orthodox history knows many examples of surface burials. These burials are located including in the temples. The church does not deny the possibility of burial in crayfish that can be placed under the floor or stand on the floor. Thus, many metropolitans and Orthodox saints are buried.
In addition to cancer, acrosols were also used - niches in the temple walls. They were made open and closed, they were placed sarcophagi with bodies. Such acrosols are in Kiev, in Pereyaslavl-Khmelnitsky, in Vladimir, in Suzdal.
Orthodox burials were performed not only in cathedrals, but also in special caves. Such places are preserved in Kiev, Chernihiv, near Pskov.
Athos monks are still buried without burial. After the repose of the body is placed under the ground, after three years, the bones are dug out and transferred to special rooms, called stools, where they are stored.
The customs of Catholicism
Studying Christian traditions in general, it is worth mentioning the Catholic Church, which also successfully buries the deceased, not only through burial. So the monks are buried in the Spanish Escorial. In the niches of the cathedral are sarcophagi with royal remains.
The body of Pope John XXIII was embalmed and laid in a sarcophagus, and later in a transparent coffin. Now it is stored in the Roman Cathedral of St. Peter.
Thus, the customs of Christianity does not provide for the mandatory burial of the body under the ground, the options of embalming and burial on the surface of the earth are practiced. So, raising the topic of why Lenin was not buried, but put in the Mausoleum, it is inappropriate to talk about blasphemy. Embalming the body of the deceased and putting it on public display within the framework of Christian traditions cannot be considered blasphemy.
So, we considered why Lenin in the Mausoleum to this day.This topic has more questions than answers. But it remains to hope that time will be able to reveal these historical secrets.