Who and how discovered the moon


Pavel Shubin is working on a new book about the initial stage of research from space of a natural satellite of the Earth:Moon. History, people, technology. How did the two superpowers compete for the moon? What tasks did engineers, scientists and rocket planners solve? Why is reaching the moon not so simple as it may seem?
Previously authorpilot_pirksprepared and published a book about the study of Venus. About how the planet from a strange bright star in the sky turned into the nearest alien world, immersed in a dense and hot carbon-dioxide atmosphere. Achievements of astronautics allowed to see it in unprecedented quality, as well as the Moon.
Today, the Moon is the most well-studied cosmic body. Better than her, we only know the Earth. From the moon, we have soil samples from nine different points in one hemisphere, almost 100% of the surface was removed from satellites at a resolution of 50 cm per pixel, the gravitational field was studied, seismic soundings were conducted, geological mapping was carried out, the water content in the near-surface soil was estimated ...

The spacecraft of six space agencies (5 countries and Europe) visited the moon or near it.There are still a lot of questions waiting for their answers, but half a century ago there were no less mysteries and they were of a more fundamental nature.
Looking at telescopes such a close and inaccessible moon, scientists and fiction writers have long dreamed of getting closer. And when astronautics gave such an opportunity, mankind immediately began a lunar race, even before man’s flight into space became real.
At first, the USSR was the leader in the race: “Luna-2” was the first to reach it, “Luna-3” - removed the other side, “Luna-9” - the first soft landing and the first shots from the surface, “Luna-10” - the first orbiter But the United States quickly made up the gap: the Ranger took the first shots from close range, the Surveyor analyzed the ground and the surface panoramas, the Lunar Orbiter - the first detailed maps ...
For every successful launch are dozens of failures, crashes, miscalculations. Engineers and scientists have gone through a difficult path of trial and error in the shortest possible time by modern standards. And readers of the new book can, together with the author, learn about the first steps of science and technology on the moon. For readers without engineering background, the book may seem complicated, which explains the distrust of publishers in this format.But at the same time, the language of the author is fully accessible, and even seemingly unnecessary details are understandable and justified.
Unlike Venus, the story of the Moon is much wider, so the book, only the first volume, will touch the period of the 50-70s, with attention being paid primarily to unmanned programs. They always get less when the story approaches Apollo and H1, but Paul promises to correct this bias. And I am sure he will succeed.
We should also mention the work of the author with illustrations. In order to fill the book with original content, he works in archives and extracts historical photographs and diagrams that either practically no one has seen or only students at rocket-building institutes have seen. Some images from automatic space stations can be processed with modern software and even better images can be obtained than those seen by the station creators themselves.

Paul sometimes shares his blog experience.
You can support the release of the book and pre-order the electronic or paper version, you can on the project page Boomstarter. So far, the author has scored only on the electronic version, but there is still time to collect and on the paper version (so far there is not enough about 300 tr. And 4 days left).
zelenyikot
Illustration for the book by Igor Savinigorsavin.
My pages are LiveJournal, Facebook and Twitter, Pikabu.

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