What is state power?

Irina Fateeva
Irina Fateeva
March 6, 2013
20281
What is state power?

State power is the ability of the state, through legal means, to subordinate to its will both individual individuals and large groups of people. The peculiarity of this type of power is that it is concentrated in the hands of a group of individuals. The symbols of state power in Russia are the coat of arms, anthem and flag. The concept of state power can be interpreted differently. There are sociological, behavioral, teleological, institutional and other concepts of power. Consider what government is and what are its signs.

Signs of state power

  • Legitimacy (legitimacy). The power is recognized by the lawful majority of the country's citizens and the world community.
  • Unity. The extension of power to the entire territory of the state and all citizens.
  • Independence (sovereignty of power). Does not depend on any authority inside or outside the state.
  • The monopoly of coercion in their territories.
  • The right to tax the population.
  • Having a developed organ system.

You should not equate state power with the state, since the state is a way of organizing society (a form of society), and state power is a way of managing this society.

Functions of state power

  • control,
  • organization,
  • leadership,
  • control in various areas of society.

According to the principle of separation of powers, it is customary to single out three branches of government: legislative, executive and judicial. Such a division allows to prevent the abuse of power.

What are public authorities?

These are the organizations that carry out the functioning of state power. According to Article 11 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, state power is exercised by the President of the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly, as well as the Government and the courts of the Russian Federation. Each branch of government has its own apparatus of organs. So, the ministries are executive bodies, and the State Duma - the legislative power. Executive and legislative authorities can be divided into levels: federal, regional and local.The judicial authorities are not divided according to the principle of the territorial structure of Russia. Allocate:

  • Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation
  • Supreme Court of the Russian Federation,
  • Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation.

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