Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
(pantothenic acid or pantothenate) is a dipeptide widely distributed in nature. It was first synthesized in 1931, and received its name from the Greek word “pantethine”, which translates as “everywhere”. It is soluble in water and sensitive to heat. When cooking, foods lose up to 60% of pantothenic acid, although such losses are not observed during pasteurization of milk.
Functions of Vitamin B5
Pantothenic acid plays an important role in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates, is needed in the production of red blood cells (red blood cells), as well as a number of sex and stress hormones of the adrenal cortex. B5 is also badly needed by the body to maintain constancy of the environment in the gastrointestinal tract and the proper absorption of other vitamins, such as riboflavin, for example. In common people, this substance is often called “anti-stress” vitamin, although there is no real evidence that it helps the body to resist stress. And, perhaps, you heard about him as a vitamin of beauty because of its ability to cause regeneration and intracellular rejuvenation of the skin.Pantothenic acid is required for your body to synthesize cholesterol. And its derivative substance pantetin is successfully used to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood.
This condition is very rare in medical practice, but the symptoms of a deficiency are well studied:
- stomach ache;
- burning feet;
- respiratory tract infections;
Applicationvitamin b5 in therapy
High cholesterol and triglycerides
Several small studies have shown that pantethine can help reduce triglycerides (or, more simply, neutral fats) in the blood of people who have high cholesterol. In some of these studies, pantethin also contributed to lowering LDL (bad cholesterol) and raising HDL (good cholesterol) levels. Additional larger studies are needed to understand whether this is true or not.
Studies conducted mainly in test tubes and in animals show that pantothenic acid can accelerate the healing of postoperative wounds.In combination with vitamin C, vitamin B5 has a miraculous effect.
Some early evidence suggests that B5 can help deal with the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, but there is not much evidence. The study showed that people with RA may have lower levels of pantothenate in their blood than healthy people. A small study in 1980 led to the conclusion that 2 grams of calcium pantothenate per day relieves the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, including morning weakness and pain.
The best sources are egg yolk, salmon, turkey, peas and avocados. But as already mentioned, the daily rate of this vitamin can be easily renewed by regularly eating, since pantothenate is found in almost all foods.