The safest mode of transport

Tell me honestly, what are you thinking right now, looking at this picture?
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

This transport was invented long before Ilon Musk was born. Space enthusiasts of modernity and fans of science fiction, can now rejoice, because the Canadian space company has already received a patent, and may soon realize a long-standing dream and let go into space with the help of this particular device.
Have you guessed that we are talking about an elevator?
Alexander Shumsky aka Dud, which you all know well on the blog
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very
proboknetthe other day I took a very interesting interview dedicated to the most ordinary elevator, which is installed in your house.
In short, today you will learn:
- Can the elevator fall into the mine
- How often do I need to change the elevator
- How much does a lift cost?
- Why in the elevator mirrors
What if:
- Shoot the leg in the flap
- smoke in the elevator
- the elevator stops flush with the floor
Why not:
- get out of the cab when the elevator is stuck
- jump and rock the elevator
- use the elevator in case of fire and why the firemen use it
Alexander Shumsky aka Dud, hereinafter (AS)
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

Vartan Avakyan aka Genndir Moslift, further (VA)
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

Go
AS: - How did the elevator appear? Give a historical reference
VA: - The elevator appeared in ancient Egypt, but it became an elevator after Otis invented brakes in 1893, catchers, and after that it became possible to use the elevator for buildings, for transporting people, and the elevator became safe. And before that, the elevator was dangerous, it could fall, how often your colleagues like to repeat, reprint the wrong stories. Now the elevator has brakes, so-called catchers, which just make the elevator safe.
AS: - When did he come to our country?
VA: - In fact, Tsar of the Russian Empire, Alexander III, then Nicholas II was one of Otis' largest customers. Then the elevators were installed, by the way, as a museum exhibit, the elevator cabin stands at the Moscow Conservatory. Hence, the elevator was installed in the Feodosia Palace and the Winter Palace. By the way, the elevator that was in the Winter Palace about 7 or 8 years ago, your humble servant, along with his team, upgraded, i.e. these elevators are still there and they continue to work.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - So, an elevator in Russia has been working for more than 120 years?
VA: - In fact, the first orders went, you know that the Russian Empire was one of the most powerful, and we had the best cars, horses and elevators.
AS: - What is the elevator industry today in general and in particular? I understand that many elevator operators, and Moslift is one of, if not everyone in Moscow is Moslift.
VA: - If you do a survey and ask to continue the word series, one of the three respondents at the word elevator repeats Moslift. But you are right that not all elevators in Moscow are servicing Moslift, and we would like it to work on it. And I want to say that we serve 2/3 elevators in the residential sector. But elevator operators, fairly large companies that operate in the city of about 70-80.
AS: - 70-80%?
VA: - No, 70-80 companies that operate in the commercial segment, in apartment buildings.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - What percentage of elevator business do you have?
VA: - In apartment buildings we serve about 2 out of 3 elevators, this is 2/3.
AS: - Are there also commercial ones?
VA: - Yes, we, including, have a small percentage of commercial elevators, but we think that this is one of the growth points and later our strategy is to be more powerfully represented in the commercial segment.
AS: - In terms of quantity, how many elevators?
VA: - 20% of our elevators are a commercial segment. Of the 70,000, 15,000 elevators, this is a commercial segment. In the houses I can not tell you, and in the entrances - this is about 7,000 entrances.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - A decent figure. But if something happens to a person - the bulb is blown, the button does not work, it is stuck - where to go?
VA: - Moslift. Even if Moslift does not serve, still contact us, we will help. But seriously, all of our elevators have a direct line telephone.8-499-755-01-05. This reduces the response to your request by a third. In addition, we constantly workTelegram channel,What's upmessages thatSMSbut by other numbers.
AS: Then why can you complain about other elevators? This is not yours.
VA: - I'll give you an example. Yesterday, at the request or at the request of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, we sent our emergency crew to a building that we do not serve, but it was necessary to urgently release the passengers, and we simultaneously with the company that performs maintenance in the administrative building, in fact, accelerated the release of passengers.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

ASH: - Didn’t they manage without you?
VA: - Well, yes, there were problems. This is more an exception, of course. But we believe that if there is a situation in the city that can be solved with the help of our specialists, including, we are always on the alert.Our Central Emergency Dispatch Service monitors all events in the city and, regardless of whether ours is not our elevator, if there is a major fire in shopping centers and residential buildings, our specialists, who are closest, they come there. We have 10 rescue teams, specially trained, with equipment, they can help emergency services to eliminate the consequences of any incidents.
AS: Does it happen often?
VA: - Recently, there have been several fires in residential buildings, on the Emerald ...
AS: - So when the elevator just gets stuck?
VA: - No, I did not get stuck, there was a fire in the apartment, but the whole staircase suffered in general. And our specialists came together with the company that serviced these elevators, and helped to quickly recover.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - And why they say you can't use an elevator during a fire?
VA: - In no case should the elevator be used during a fire, because the elevator may stop due to the fact that the power supply fails, the elevator does not receive power, and people may be held hostage in the elevator, suffer from smoke or open fire .
AS: - Are there any alternative power sources just for this case? The lights turned off in the house and that's it, is the person stuck there?
VA: - Alexander, I have the feeling that you have the ability to read other people's thoughts. We are now preparing a project for 85 elevators, which we will equip with uninterruptible power supplies, which, in the event of an emergency, will be able to reach the next stop, automatically open the doors, the elevator gets into the so-called loading mode, when the elevator cannot be used, but the doors are open .
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - Why then do the firemen use the elevator?
VA: - There are special elevators for fire departments, which have higher reliability for doors, for fire resistance, but again, only in houses with a certain height, and only if there is confidence that there are no risks in de-energizing the building.
AS: - But the truth is that there was such a series of five-story houses, because if it was higher, would it be necessary to build an elevator? Too expensive, so they built five-story buildings.
VA: - This is from the evil one. This is a question of state standards. In fact, even if we speak 2 levels, then an elevator is needed for two levels in the building. We know that a lot of work is being done today to involve people of limited mobility groups in social life, and many people are working today.For example, a month ago we finished installing ramps for people with disabilities, namely those who use wheelchairs so that they can work.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - How can elevators be equipped for people with limited mobility: are the buttons below, the doors wider?
VA: - Let's start with the fact that it is not necessary to need an elevator, to be disabled by the locomotor system. First, our life expectancy is growing, thank God, and, let's say, a person who lived to 75-80 years old, lives on the 5th floor in a five-story building, this is a serious task to rise, and this significantly affects the quality of life of residents who once again not blown out. Therefore, your promise regarding facelift five-story building, taking into account those times, you are right. But the elevator is needed for any number of floors, so that people of different possibilities can use it. When I came to work at Moslift, for me it was amazing that we were identified with the word elevator, but people with disabilities in our building could not work, because they simply could not get us in a wheelchair. Today we have completed the installation of a good ramp, on which you can both descend and climb without help.Now we are ready for the employees who use a wheelchair to work in Moslift.
AS: - I heard that there is a big program for replacing elevators in Moscow. Say something in numbers - quantity, quality - what is fundamentally changing?
VA: - If I remember correctly, over the last 5 years, almost 33,000 elevators replaced the city, and we went out in 2018 with those elevators that had become obsolete over the previous year. In other words, now in Moscow there are no elevators to be replaced in view of their age, i.e. Today the city is changing those elevators that are outdated during the current year. That is, thanks to this enhanced accelerated replacement, the city caught up with the elevator fund. I remember that in 2018 elevators will change less due to the fact that there are simply no old ones. All elevators that have served 25 years have already been replaced and in the 18th year those elevators that have become outdated in the 17th year will change.
AS: - And how much does the elevator serve?
BA: - According to the regulations of the customs union - 25 years. Under certain conditions, when it is possible to replace some components, large-sized or complex components, the braking system, the winch, in general, after diagnostics with independent test centers, the duration can be extended.
AS: - And what is the most expensive thing in replacing an elevator - cab, cables, electronics?
VA: - It's so hard to say.The winch is an expensive part, the station is an expensive part, door closers.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

Listener: - Often the elevators in the house break down, it is scary to ride. Where to go to install a new elevator?
VA: - It is important to understand the address so that the experts go to the site and look. There are subjective feelings about how the elevator works. But in general, if we talk about the lift portfolio, which works at Moslift, it is monitored monthly by a mechanic at work, once a year undergoes diagnostics and periodic technical certification in order to be able to continue to use this elevator. What is in the work in the Moslift portfolio, we are sure that it is safe.
AS: - If the elevator is replacing, how can a common person find out about this?
BA: - As for Moscow, that is, the resource of the capital repairs fund, where in 2-3 clicks any resident can find out when and in what year the elevator changes as part of the overhaul.
AS: - And without a major overhaul, the elevators do not change?
VA: - I mean it is a major replacement for elevators. On the site overhaul, you can learn everything about your elevator, in what year it will change. There is a schedule with the exact address. People turn, seeing the replacement year, are asked whether it is possible to accelerate.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, maybeso that an elevator, when, an elevator, Moslift, cannot be, today, an elevator, more, people, elevators, because it works, why, at home, very

AS: - Why do they ask? What do people often complain about?
VA: - 80% of complaints concern aesthetics, subjective or objective perception of noise and lighting.
AS: - And what do you do with such applications? Are you improving something?
VA: - With regards to aesthetics, it is difficult to do something radically here, because an elevator is technically sound, but aesthetically it is basically a culture of using an elevator. But there is a tendency to improve the use of the elevator, people have begun to cherish, and in this a large role is played by journalists, they give more time for us to talk about the caring attitude to the elevator. The elevator is the most expensive engineering equipment at home and, of course, the fact that the city today is changing such large volumes of elevators is a great help for us, for Muscovites. We must treat this equipment with respect, because it is a serious vehicle. During the day Moscow elevators transport all of Moscow’s population. These are rather large volumes, it is in many ways higher than the volumes of transportation by public transport (metro, electric trains), therefore, respect for elevators, which are vehicles and which everyone uses.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

Listener: - Why are there elevators in the mirror?
VA: - We have long ceased to talk about food, but we are talking about the quality of food, this is a necessary and sufficient lift device, we are talking more about quality of life today and pay attention, I said that 80% of all calls are related to aesthetics. The city today holds a high standard for the quality of life of Muscovites, this also applies to the elevator. And we see that the regulations that are prescribed housing and communal services are very tough in terms of the release of passengers, the downtime of elevators. Frankly speaking, you will find few cities in the world where such strict rules are set for returning from idle time to the elevators.
AS: - If the elevator broke, how much should it stand?
VA: - Yesterday we received a message at 18:57, the passenger was released at 19:22. That is essentially 25 minutes. If the release is more than 30 minutes, then this is the reason for the proceedings. Even on these snowy days, we did not have a single application, according to which we had to understand in terms of deadlines.
AS: - Pull people out in 30 minutes is the maximum signpost?
VA: - This is a regulation. The only caveat is that we are counting 30 minutes from the moment we received the application to our emergency service.
AS: - Does the button in the elevator work?
VA: - The button is a call to the dispatcher of the district dispatch service. Many people identify the button with an employee of Moslift, but this is not so. This is an employee of the district dispatching service, and already the employee of the dispatching service submits an application directly to our emergency rescue dispatch service. And therefore, if you directly call our emergency dispatch service, this is the third part of the acceleration of the information acceleration link.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

ASH: - 65 years of Moslift this year. Where are you developing, what plans, equipment, employee training, ambitions? Who are these people who make the elevator work?
VA: - If you ask me what is most important in our strategy, then I will say the principle of the three Ps, usually say “place, place, place” - the success of a business depends on the place, in our case it is “people, people, people” It all depends on people. And that’s why today we put people’s development at the center of the company's development strategy. The company has the best cadres of the industry with one “but” - the age of these specialists is big, and we attach great importance to the mentoring school, because we have a serious gap between employees over 55 years old and under 30 years old. That is a very "green" staff and very experienced. And the next years it will be a priority for the company.We have created a modern training center in partnership with teachers with international diplomas. We have 3 teachers who have recognized international diplomas, and in groups of 25 people, we teach children both primary education and advanced training. Because Moslift plans to increase its presence in the commercial segment, but this is impossible without increasing knowledge in the quality of servicing elevators of various modifications and different speeds. And this year we have serviced about 400 elevators, including elevators manufactured by Tisson, Schindler, Otis. I think that we will expand this line, for this we are engaged in training.
AS: - And what has fundamentally changed in elevators over the past 40 years? In principle, the mechanism is the same, what to learn, what is changing?
VA: - The principle of elevators has not changed, there is a counterweight, a cabin and an engine. The elevator becomes much smarter, the level of passive safety increases. If you pay attention, elevators, which are installed in the city according to the replacement program in the housing stock, have become frequency-controlled lifts as standard, which increases the smoothness of the trip, the accuracy of the stop, which reduces electricity consumption. All elevators are equipped with optical shutters, i.e.if an obstacle appears in the doorway, then the reverse is triggered, it is not necessary for this, that the sash bears against the obstacle, it already sees the obstacle through the curtain and this curtain all along. This is the standard approach in the city.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - How many people work for Moslift?
VA: - Today we have about 3,300 employees, and last year they increased the number of young mechanics in order to be able to increase the number of people who study, who gain experience through mentoring.
Student: - How fast should the elevator drive?
VA: - Mostly in residential buildings up to 17 floors, elevators drive at a speed of 6 m / s, but there are elevators of 1 m / s, 0.6 m / s, this is in the old trim levels. Now slower than 1 m / s elevators are not mounted.
AS: - Does the height of the hill depend on what? To get up faster?
VA: - The more floors, the faster the elevator must move in order to take away passenger traffic.
AS: - Why can't it be faster? In order not to rock?
VA: - In general, it is possible. But these are other technologies, a different level of equipment. It becomes more expensive. If the house is 17 floors, we recommend an elevator of 2 m / s and more.
Listener: - We take care of the elevator, installed video cameras, order has become more in the elevator. Gently turn to the people. That is, in order for the elevator to be in order, it is necessary that the residents themselves monitor it?
VA: - The elevator is a common house property, it is also expensive. And having a good quality elevator, the more carefully we treat it, the longer it will last. We think that the mirror and the camera significantly improve the attitude of users to the elevator.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - The most frequent reasons why elevators get stuck? Is this elevator to blame or do people jump in it, break, arrange overload?
VA: - Both. The most frequent cases are when a lot of people are stuffed into the elevator, the cab swings, and the elevator regards this as an overload and may not go or stop on safety gears. Therefore, the rules for using the elevator - this is a very important component.
AS: - Let's voice them.
VA: - You can not keep the elevator doors when they are closed. There is a button in the cab that allows you to hold the elevator doors if you need to wait for someone.
AS: - And if you stick your leg out?
VA: - It is always bad for the mechanism, because you do not allow the doors to close. And if this happens several times, then the elevator can open the doors several times and stop, because it perceives it as an error.If you stop the doors more than 6 times, then the doors of the smart elevators open, it stops until the mechanic starts it.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - That is, before the elevators were better, more stupid, but they worked longer.
VA: - This is a safety issue, and if something happens, something lies in the elevator opening.
AS: - Can't jump in the elevator?
VA: - When you start rocking the cabin, there is a risk of catchers triggering. In the normal state, the elevator can transport a certain number of passengers, but if the same number of passengers sit down and start rocking the cabin, the elevator can accept this as an overload. Either they start jumping, especially teenagers like to do it, or in the middle of the mine they press the “Stop” button, there are cases when the elevator is forcibly stopped.
AS: - And by what signs can one understand that something is wrong with the elevator?
VA: - If the elevator works, then most likely everything is fine with it. If the elevator fails, the mechanic comes and inspects it. A mechanic inspects the elevator once a month, tests it, and once a year an engineer or an expert of the engineering department checks it.
AS: Is any contest planned?
VA: - On April 17, a Worldwide Competition is being planned at the Expocenter. I want to say that this is the first time there will be a competition among representatives of working professions and installation. Wordskills are world-class skills, and for the first time this will happen among representatives of working professions. And we are co-organizers and made a proposal to hold it among the representatives of working professions. And we think that by organizing a round table on mentoring, we will manage to attract more young people to the company, this is a very important strategy for the company. We want to be an adult company, but without a tie, attractive to young people. Today, elevators have become smarter, they need other knowledge, they need a different approach. Today, the technologies that we produce and install, allow us to capture data remotely from the elevator. That is, we need new skills, a different kind of education. And all this gives us a challenge, on the one hand, and an opportunity to increase our competitive advantages on the other.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - A student from Dolgoprudny writes. Do you have elevators there?
VA: - We do not have elevators there, but we are engaged in the acquisition of elevators. The level that Moslift has,allows us to become partners for tenants, for customers, and we think that we will also reach Dolgoprudny. If they choose us as a contractor.
Listener: - Why is there a fan button in the elevator?
VA: - “Fan” is needed in certain climatic zones, which also applies to Moscow, in the summer months it is stuffy, not to cool, but to ventilate the cabin.
AS: - Can't you smoke in the elevator?
VA: - Forbidden. In the event of a fire inside the cabin, this can end in a rather tragic way. If this happened in an open space, this is one situation, and a closed one is completely different. Why not smoke in the elevator? I will tell you. There is a so-called Bolonev jacket, it burns like gunpowder, especially in an enclosed space, the ashes fall on such a jacket and that's it. I was a surgeon in the past, I was practicing at the Burn Center at the Sklifosovsky Institute at the 3rd year, and we had a patient with a burn of 30% of the skin just because he had a bolony jacket. In his pocket, apparently, lay alcohol, which spilled. Not even in the elevator, but in the train. No smoking in the elevator. Point.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - Why can't you get out of the cab when the elevator is stuck?
VA: - This is the next rule - you should never try to get out of the elevator yourself, neither to those who are inside, nor to those who are trying to help. This is fraught with the fact that the elevator can involuntarily move after a call from another floor, thereby causing severe injuries to people who may be in the doorway. When the sash is open, the elevator does not have to go, however there are cases when the mine protection system does not work and then the elevator can go. This is an axiom - you should never try to get out of the elevator yourself, you have to wait for the mechanic to arrive.
AS: - What else can you do in the elevator?
VA: - You can't rock it, you have to press a button and wait for the mechanic to arrive. It is very simple. We must remain calm.
AS: Why are cameras so rare in elevators? Expensive pleasure?
VA: - Not that expensive, the question is, where to take this camera?
AS: - And if it is like a snag, so that people think that they are watching, and do not dirty things?
VA: - If we talk about security, then it can be done. This is not a mandatory requirement for elevators. We know a lot of houses where tenants are asked to install. Along with elevators, we carry out a large amount of installation and maintenance of low-current equipment, incl.video surveillance systems, therefore, we offer customers to install video surveillance cameras in elevators as additional services.
The safest mode of transport which, elevators, elevators, can, to, elevator, when, elevator, Moslift, cannot, today, elevator, more, people, elevators, because, works, why, houses, very

AS: - Elevator, in principle, can fall into the mine?
VA: - A technically sound elevator cannot fall, even if you cut all the supporting ropes. Because when the elevator speed changes, the speed limiter is triggered, and the catches work, and the elevator stops on the brakes.
AS: - A 1 or 2 cable?
BA: - Depending on the height of the ropes, there can be 3 and 4 and 8 and 16. There is never a single cable.
AS: - And how much elevator can slip down.
VA: - The catchers are triggered when elevator normal speed is exceeded. After 20% of the normal speed exceeding, the catchers are activated. If the floor is low and the catchers do not have time to work, then there are so-called buffers.
AS: - And where did such elevator headlines come from?
VA: - I know only one case when the elevator really fell, from those accidents that we track around the world, was in a hotel in Turkey during a fire. The guides were changed so much that the elevator just jumped, the cables burned down. In our country, for a cab to fall, there are no such cases.In the case of the Scarlet Sails, the cabin did not fall, the counterweight fell. This is not Moslift, this is another company.
AS: - Will there be music in the elevators?
VA: - In some elevators there is music. In particular, the elevators that we manufacture at Moslift, we equip music at the request of customers, there are screens with webcams that can freely transmit a signal via Wi-Fi.
AS: - How much is the elevator, if we want to change it in the house?
VA: - An elevator for 9 stops with a half-frequency engine costs 1,500,000 - 1,700,000. This is a full-service elevator.
Listener: - If the elevator stops flush with the floor, what's the problem?
VA: - The problem is most likely in the control system of the control station.
PySy
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This journal is a personal diary containing private opinions of the author. In accordance with Article 29 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, each person can have their own point of view regarding its text, graphic, audio and video content, as well as express it in any format.The magazine does not have a license from the Ministry of Culture and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation and is not the media, and, therefore, the author does not guarantee the provision of reliable, unbiased and meaningful information. The information contained in this diary, as well as the comments of the author of this diary in other diaries, do not have any legal meaning and can not be used in the trial. The author of the journal is not responsible for the content of comments to his records.

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