The land share. How can they be disposed of?
A land share is a piece of landagricultural designation, allocated to a citizen in the general mass of land. According to the President's Decree, such plots have been allocated since 1991. The purpose of this was to increase the percentage of private landowners. Therefore, in the first place the right to own land was received by workers of agricultural enterprises of Russia. The land share received in ownership, helped people subsequently organize themselves into new forms of agricultural enterprises.
Also, the issuance of certificates with ownership rights to shares was carried out in large numbers in 1996-1997. Now 95% of owners have such certificates for possession of the earth.
As of January 1, 2000 most of the shares were leased by their owners (more than 5.4 million). They get rent for this land in kind. The plots are leased through a special agreement (can be oral and written).
However, not all were able to use the land effectively. The problem of concentrating shares in the hands of the wrong people, who want to use it rationally, is still the case.
The land share must be agriculturalland. To do this, it is necessary to limit the powers of its owners. Now people are quite literate legally, but questions about the units still remain.
The land share is issued free of charge, but receivedhis citizen must pay cadastral work and land tax. To dispose of the unit in the future, a person must privatize this land, otherwise it is not included in the number of shareholders. He will lose his share and will not be able to dispose of it later.
Until January 1, 2010, some owners could privatize land plots issued as shares for free, but now this procedure is carried out only on general grounds.
Is it possible to build on such a land? It is impossible, since such a land has a purely agricultural purpose. In order to translate it into the category of land-settlements, it will take a lot of substantiation.
The market value of acquiring a unit differs from the state value of the plot by 3-4 times. If you need to buy a share, then a transaction is concluded, which is confirmed by the relevant agreement.
How to apply for a land share? The text of the contract of purchase must accurately state its essence, so that there are no ambiguous interpretations. It specifies the details of the parties, the exact name of the site, the number and date of issue of the unit certificate, the amount of the cost is fixed, the absence of claims of the parties is prescribed. From the seller you need to obtain a permit (notarized) for sale from his spouse, as well as a power of attorney allowing you to act as a seller, so that the documents are accepted in the Registration Chamber.
So, to issue a land share, are submitted: passport, contract, copy of notices to the shareholders, permission of the spouse, power of attorney from the seller to complete the transaction, certificate of ownership. In Sberbank, the registration fee is paid. Term of registration of a share is a month. After that, you will receive a certificate.