Temple of the Resurrection of the Word in Bryusov Lane: description, history and schedule of worship
In Bryusov Lane - one of the cozy corners of Old Moscow - there is a church bearing an amazing name, the meaning of which is far from clear to everyone - the Resurrection of the Word. Nevertheless, it is explained very simply: it is in the Church Slavonic language that the expression "Sunday Sunday" sounds. It is dedicated to the great event in the history of Christianity - the consecration of the Equal-to-the-Apostles Anna and Constantine of the Jerusalem Church of the Resurrection of Christ, which took place in 325 in the place of the Cross of the Savior. Let us mentally turn to its history.
The wooden forerunner of the current temple
The first mention of this temple dates back to the middle of the XVI century. At that time it was a small wooden church,consecrated in honor of the Feast of the Renaissance of the Church of the Resurrection of Christ, and built on the Assumption Vrazka - so called ravine, near which, from time immemorial, stood the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin. Her image can be seen on the Petrovsky Plan of Moscow, dated 1596-1598.
The wooden church - the forerunner of the current church of the Resurrection of Slowing in Bryusov Lane - stood until 1629, after which it ended its life in the fire of the great Moscow fire - the traditional disaster of those ancient times. Together with it, all the other buildings in the area, including the houses of the townspeople, burned down.
The construction of the stone church
At the same time, the God-loving Muscovites set about building a new one, this time a stone church, the work on which was completed in five years. Judging by the preserved historical documents, its appearance differed little from the one that exists now, and is well-known to most Muscovites, the Church of the Resurrection of Sushchi in Bryusov Lane.
Some changes in the appearance of the temple were made only in the first half of the 19th century when a two-tier bell tower was built to it, which brought its appearance closer to the canons of the then-popular architectural direction, called “Russian classicism”.
Church, glorifying great feast
Concerning the name of the church built in Bryusov Lane, which was already mentioned above, we will add one detail. The fact is that due to the importance of the consecration in 325 of the temple, erected in Jerusalem at the site of the Resurrection of Christ, only he received the right to be called this event. The rest are all (including our Moscow), referred to only as "Slovers", that is, "glorifying". In addition, it is important to note that all of them are dedicated not to this most important event, but only to a holiday celebrated in his honor.
In the years of the godless regime
Moscow's old-timers know that during all the decades of total atheism, which became an important aspect of state policy during the years of Soviet power, and the associated anti-religious struggle associated with it, the Church of the Resurrection of Slowing was one of the few temples that did not cease their activities. The schedule of services also did not change in Bryusov Lane, since their entire annual and daily cycle was performed in accordance with church canons.
It is surprising to many that in the capital of a communist state, literally two steps from the Kremlin,where his government met, all these years the church operated, which, in accordance with the propaganda clichés of that time, was nothing more than a “center of obscurantism”. The question involuntarily arises: what saved the temple in Bryusov Lane when the many Moscow shrines were barbarously blown up or re-equipped for household needs?
Whose intercession saved the temple?
This out of the ordinary for those years is hardly any definite explanation. Most often it is attributed to the fact that many prominent figures of Soviet science, culture and art, most of whom were loyal to religion, settled in Bryusov Lane. It was their intercession that helped save this outstanding monument of Russian temple architecture from destruction.
There is reason to believe that a particular merit in this noble cause belongs to an outstanding domestic director and actor - K. S. Stanislavsky, who also lived for many years not far from the Church of the Resurrection Slovushche in Bryusov Lane (portrait above). His authority in government circles was so great that he often influenced the solution of the most important issues.But this is the opinion of the city’s historians, but the main mass of believers see the intercession of the Heavenly Forces in preserving the temple.
Silent and revived bells
Nevertheless, the anti-religious campaigns of Soviet times did not bypass the temple in Bryusov Lane. All these years, the schedule of his services continued to notify the parishioners that they are being held in full (and this is certainly a welcome fact), however, the one who called on them was silent for many years. By order of the city authorities, the unique bells, which still remembered Ivan the Terrible, were removed and sent to the smelter. Since then, the church bell tower, having lost its main purpose, has become a purely decorative element.
The festive chime was announced again by Bryusov Lane only in February 2008, when the main bell was solemnly raised to its bell tower, which had been consecrated shortly before, and was named Archangel Michael. Since then, his voice can be heard on the days of all canonical Orthodox holidays.
Like most Russian churches, the Church of the Resurrection of the Word has its unique shrines, the glory of which spread throughout the Orthodox world.First of all, it is the miraculous image of St. Spyridon of Trimifuntsky, in the days of his earthly life (270-348), famous for his charitable activities.
After being canonized saints, which took place two centuries after his blessed demise, he is traditionally considered the patron saint of all the poor and dispossessed. There is a belief that the prayers addressed to him help to gain the intercession of the Mother of God and to gain spiritual strength in all life tests.
Another shrine of the temple is the icon of the Mother of God “The Search for the Perished”, written in the XVIII century and received fame by many miracles revealed through it. In the old church books there are quite a few records testifying to the healings of the sick, performed through the prayers offered before her. Thanks to these wonders, the temple in Bryusov Lane for many centuries was a place of mass pilgrimage not only for Muscovites, but also for pilgrims who came from the most remote areas of the country.
The architectural features of the temple
The building of the Church of the Resurrection of the Word on the Assumption Vrazka, which is based on a columnless, single-domed quadrangle, is a building very typical of the XVII century temple architecture.A characteristic feature of its walls are zakomars - semi-circular ornamental crowning them. The overall style of the era is complemented by vertical protrusions of the walls - angular pilasters decorated with semi-columns.
The fact that the building was erected by an experienced and outstanding master (whose name remained unknown) is shown by many details of the architectural decoration. The modest, but at the same time, very skillfully made window frames, walking along the building profile, a cornice, a drum of a head and many other design elements of the temple in Bryusov Lane involuntarily attract the eye.
Schedule of worship
At the end of the article we touch on another important issue. As already mentioned, the Church of the Resurrection of the Word attracts many pilgrims, who sometimes come from distant corners of Russia, and want to visit this ancient temple in Bryusov Lane. The schedule of services below will help them navigate their rich religious life.
So, on weekdays, hours and confession start at 8:40, and the liturgy at 9:00. Evening services are held at 18:00. As for Sundays and holidays, their schedule is more dense and rich.The doors of the temple open at 6:30 for all who wish to defend the clock and confess, and at 7:00 the early liturgy takes place, after it, at 10:00 - late. At 6:00 pm evening services begin, which include, in addition to vespers, reading akathists, which are provided for on this day by the church calendar.