Russian Navy: overview, features and interesting facts
The Russian fleet is the pride of our country and the envy of all the other powers. The history of its development, interesting facts and what place it occupies today.
Stages of the history of the Russian fleet
Day of the Navy does not have an exact date and is traditionally celebrated on the last July Sunday. Its entire history can be divided into several major stages:
- From the time of ancient Russia to the reign of Peter I.
- Russian Imperial Fleet.
- Soviet fleet.
The role of the Russian Navy in the state
The Russian Navy is a type of state armed forces, designed to protect state interests in sea and ocean territories, and to defend Russia's independence beyond the borders of the ground forces.
The Russian fleet replaced the Soviet naval forces, which were based on the Russian Imperial fleet.In terms of composition and strength, the Russian fleet is second only to the American and Soviet. Many of the ships that make up the Russian navy today were built during the Soviet era and are outdated morally and physically. The last few years there has been an active construction of ships and the completion of pennants. The state has developed a weapons program, according to which more than 4 trillion rubles will be allocated for the development of the fleet until 2020.
St. Andrew's flag
St. Andrew’s flag is a symbol of the Russian Navy, it appeared during the reign of Peter the Great. The world's first flag with the image of the cross of St. Andrew appeared in Scotland. Andrew the First-Called was crucified on an oblique cross. Legend has it that King Angus II, who led the troops of the Picts and Scott, asked God to grant him victory before the battle with the Angles. He vowed that if he won, he would declare Andrew the First Called Patron of Scotland. In the morning the clouds came together in the shape of a cross on which the apostle was crucified.
Inspired by the sign from above, the warriors believed in the blessing and defeated the Angles. Agnus II fulfilled his vow and appointed Andrew the patron saint of Scotland.White oblique cross on a blue background, as the memory of the battle, began to symbolize the country. Later this cross became part of the flag of the United Kingdom and has been preserved on it to our time.
In December 1699, Peter approved the blue cross as a symbol of the Russian fleet against a white canvas. The appearance of the flag was approved only twenty years later.
St. George's Admiral's Flag
St. Andrew’s flag symbolized the Russian fleet until 1917 and was its only symbol. After the revolution in 1919, it was supplemented with the Gergiev flag: a red shield was placed in the center of Andreevsky, on which St. George the Victorious was depicted. This symbol was given to the ships whose crews showed military valor and courage in defending the honor of a country or a flag.
Initially, the symbol of the Russian fleet was enormous, reaching 4 meters in length. Such dimensions created a terrible roar, and this property was used as a psychological attack.
The saddest moment in the history of the flag is its use by General Vlasov, who fought on the German side.
In 1992, it was decided to return the St. Andrew’s flag as a symbol of the state’s fleet and replace Soviet symbols with it.The only ship that does not raise this symbol today is the C-56 boat. She wears the status of a war memorial. In memory of the exploits of the Soviet seamen, the Soviet flag is raised and lowered daily on it.
Aims and objectives of the Navy
The fleet influences the political situation of countries only by its existence. For a long time, the borders of the British Empire were delineated by the sides of ships. Today, the world's oceans are the main source of enormous resources and the main artery. A country that has warships at its disposal can become a source of armed forces at any point.
Warships can have an impact on the communications of the enemy country, cutting it off from the supply of raw materials and food. Sailors can not only strike at sea and air forces. There are many examples of history when they became part of the ground forces and participated in battles.
So, during the Great Patriotic War, the sailors of the Black Sea Fleet organized defense detachments of Sevastopol and Odessa, and their commanders were at the head of these detachments.Naval forces assisted the troops on land and participated in breaking through the blockade of Leningrad and its lifting.
Among the main tasks performed by the Russian military fleet are:
- Demonstration of military power and flag.
- Protection of coastal areas and maritime communications.
- Humanitarian missions.
- The transfer and supply of troops.
- Ensuring the national interests of Russia.
- Peace actions.
- The fight against piracy.
- Missile defense.
- Combat duty.
Peaceful tasks of the Navy
The Russian navy in peacetime performs the following functions:
- Deterrence of forces and military threats against the Russian Federation.
- Protection of the independence of the country and its interests outside the land areas, inside the sea and the territorial sea, sovereignty in the economic zone and the continental shelf.
- Creating a safe environment for economic activities in the sea and the World Ocean.
- Protection, protection of the borders of Russia, control over the use of air space.
- Assistance to the internal affairs agencies of Russia in resolving internal conflicts with the use of weapons, ensuring the safety of citizens and establishing a state of emergency.
- Assistance to Emergencies Ministry teams in the aftermath of natural disasters, accidents and other tasks.
The Russian fleet has the following structure:
- Surface forces.
- Submarine forces.
- Coast security.
- Special Forces.
- Rear troops.
Surface forces - the basis of the exit and deployment of ships in the combat zone. Carries out transportation and cover of a landing, provides return on base. The most important part of the modern navy. The ships of the Russian fleet equipped with helicopters and airplanes have a greater destructive ability. Helicopters provide the ability to communicate and transfer cargo at sea, conducting rescue operations of personnel.
The shock power of the Russian fleet. Carry out hidden control of the World Ocean, deliver powerful blows from its depth. Submarines are divided into rocket and torpedo. Nuclear submarines that are equipped with ballistic-type missiles and cruise missiles are the main strike force of the navy.
Naval aviation troops
Naval aviation includes:
- Strategic and tactical - to provide resistance to surface ships.
- Deck, whose main task - the elimination of enemy aircraft in the air and reconnaissance.
The strength of the Navy for combat operations, including jointly with ground forces in the composition of amphibious assault forces and for the protection of the coastal territory.
Coast guard troops
The main goal is to defend the bases of naval forces, ports, and islands from enemy attack. At the heart of weapons - artillery and combat missile systems, special warships, designed to provide defense forces on the coast.