Primorye: where is it? Population, geography of Primorsky Krai
The most amazing corner of the Far East and the edge of Russia's geography is Primorye. Where it is and in which part of the country to look for is easy to identify by the name of toponyms. Tourists are attracted here - the Ussuri taiga, the ice-free Sea of Japan and the wonderful creation of the nature of the region - the Far Eastern hills.
The area where Primorye is located is located in the southeastern part of the Pacific coast of the Russian Federation. The functions of the regional city are performed by a half-million Vladivostok - an important political center and the main city of the Primorsky Territory of the Far Eastern District.
The neighborhood of the object with China, North Korea (DPRK) and the Khabarovsk Territory favors the growth of the region’s economic development. In addition to the mainland, Primorye includes the islands of the Sea of Japan, separated by Peter I Bay - Russky, Reineke, Popova and others. Primorsky Krai stretches between parallels 42 and 49 s. sh.in the eastern hemisphere of the planet, through which the 132 and 140 meridians pass.
The side where Primorye is located is hilly and forms part of the Sikhote-Alin mountain region. Medium-altitude indicators reach the levels of 400–1000 m, and the maximum can reach up to 2000 meters. The plain areas are strongly swamped, cut up by river valleys and covered with forest vegetation.
The seaside climate is temperate monsoon, the territory is dominated by humidity and strong winds, changing direction twice a year. In winter, the region covers the Asian maximum with light precipitation, strong frosts and minimal snow cover.
North-westerly winds bring January temperatures down to –32 ° С. Summer is characterized by high clouds, long fogs and heavy rains. For a year, the territory receives up to 900 mm of precipitation. The first months are cool with rates up to 15 ° C, more reminiscent of spring. August is the warmest with an average temperature of 20 ° C. Primorye is where the force of the southern wind is two times greater than that of the north wind. Here, the best time of the year is autumn, and there are more clear days in winter than in summer.
Flora of Primorsky Krai
Most of the territory is occupied by low mountains with rounded peaks, referred to as hills in this region. They are covered with mixed forests of the Ussuri taiga. This is one of the richest forest areas of the great country. These are real jungles of the Northern Hemisphere, where multi-tiered is the main cause of evergreen taiga. Korean cedar, Mongolian oak, Manchurian walnut or Amursky philodendron, Eleutherococcus, lemongrass and ginseng. Fascinating such species Primorye. Where else can it be seen in Russia in the wild nature of such representatives of the plant world? Mushrooms and berries grow here, and the number of types of medicinal herbs growing in the territory of Primorye exceeds many other regions of the country.
Animal world of Primorye
The uniqueness of the fauna of the region lies in the surprising combination of representatives of the southern and northern regions. The main part of the species of birds of Russia is located in the Primorsky Territory. Rare and endangered species, migratory and sedentary representatives, find a cozy corner in the region. Golden eagles, eagles, ducks, geese, herons and swans fly here.
Red deer, wild boar, elk, Himalayan bears, lynx and leopards live in the taiga.A forest cat, a Nepalese marten, a sable, an otter and a mink, an Amur tiger, a badger and a red wolf are protected in protected areas. On the territory of the Ussuri taiga 4 reserves were created, which protect and multiply the flora and fauna of the region.
The first settlements on the site date from the Paleolithic era. The tribes of hunters and fishermen settled here. Primorye is the birthplace of the medieval states of Parkhe, Jin and Liao.
Among the list of regions of Russia by area, the modern Primorsky Krai is on the 22nd place. But about 100 years ago, the territory of the modern region was designated as the South Ussuri region, which was poorly studied and little populated. The migration flows to the Far Eastern expanses were influenced by the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Ussuriisk railway. In search of free and fertile land, former serfs and retired Cossacks became the main layer of the population of modern Primorye. The international importance of Vladivostok as the largest Pacific port of Russia and the largest settlement of the region has grown.
In the 1930s, the demographic “purge” was also in Primorye.From here, Chinese and Korean nationalities were forcibly evicted. In wartime, the fate of an industrial supplier and agricultural breadwinner of the Motherland fell on the shoulders of the region. The official date of the formation of Primorye is October 20, 1938, when a huge Far Eastern region was divided into Primorsky and Khabarovsk.
The population of the region
Remoteness from the Central districts, the neighborhood with foreign countries influenced the diversity of the national composition of the population in Primorye, where it is recorded in the statistical data of the region. In terms of population, 11 nationalities are in the lead. The three are headed by Russians, about 2 million of them live on the territory. Silver belongs to representatives of the Ukrainian diaspora - more than 90 thousand people, and the bronze among Koreans - there are 17 thousand people. In addition to these representatives, in the territory where Primorye of the Far East is located, there are Tatars, Belarusians, Chinese, Chuvash and other nationalities.
At the end of the 20th century, immigration flows poured into the territory of the region from neighboring and nearby states. Today, on the streets of Vladivostok, Nakhodka, or Ussuriysk, you can meet representatives from China, Vietnam or North Korea.The main occupation for immigrants from these countries was the construction, trade and study.
The average life expectancy for women is much higher than for men and is 71.7 years, and for the strong half it is 59.8 years. The population of the region is rapidly aging, which leads to the depopulation process.
The number of working people is 70.1%, and the unemployment rate reaches 6%. According to the statistics of 2017, out of 1,923,116 people living in the region are males 921,063 people, and the females 1,002,053 people. Most of the population lives in cities and is about 1 500 000 people. A third of the population lives in rural areas.
How to get to Primorye?
To get to the edge of the Far Eastern hills, a tourist from Moscow to Vladivostok will have to overcome 9259 km by rail and spend more than 6 days traveling. Of course, such a long way is overcome by a corporate train with comfortable conditions for passengers. You can speed up your stay on the way by flying from the capital by plane, having spent a little more than 8 hours of flight.
From St. Petersburg is also easy to get to Primorye. Where it can be seen from the flight schedule in this direction.Direct flights are operated by Ural Airlines, and with a change in Moscow or Novosibirsk, Aeroflot companies.
Despite such a great distance, Primorye does not require advertising description. His famous treasures of the Ussuri taiga are unique and immense. This is a storehouse for hunting enthusiasts. The routes are laid by various grounds, there are extreme trails.
The beauty of the sea coast of the region is simply fascinating - these are sandy beaches, indented shores, numerous bays and wide bays. Tourists are attracted to emerald islands, ports, protected areas and recreation centers.