Oral candidiasis: a characteristic of the disease
Oral candidiasis is a pathology caused by yeast-like fungi. Most often occurs in children, the elderly, as well as among persons who have a low level of immunity.
The main etiological factors of this violation:
• infectious diseases;
• pathology of the digestive system;
• blood lesions;
• oncopathology and HIV infection;
• constant stress;
• caries, periodontal disease;
• taking individual pharmacological drugs;
• conducting radiation therapy.
Oral candidiasis: symptoms
The following forms of the disease are distinguished: pseudomembranous, atrophic, hyperkeratotic:
- Pseudomembranous candidiasis of the oral cavity is localized in the tongue, gums and mucous membrane of the cheeks, it can spread to the larynx or even to the esophagus. Patients appear dry mouth, saliva becomes viscous, there is also a burning sensation and discomfort in the mouth.
- Candidiasis of the oral cavity with atrophy occurs with a sharp hyperemia of the mucous membrane. Candida cheilitis and glossitis may occur.
- The hyperkeratotic form is manifested by a bloom that is impregnated with fibrin and difficult to remove, and after removal leaves the surfaces that bleed.
There are also chronic hyperplastic candidiasis, which is most often registered among patients with blood pathologies or with tuberculosis, as well as among those who are treated for a long time with antibiotics. In the initial stages, this oral candidiasis is manifested by the formation of white plaques, which subsequently merge and form solid deposits. Dryness, swelling and redness of the mucous membrane, as well as hypertrophy of the papillae of the tongue (their increase) are recorded.
Oral candidiasis: how to treat?
When identifying this disease, it is imperative to eliminate any traumatic factors that adversely affect the oral mucosa. The treatment is based on the use of antifungal agents, also prescribed vitamin therapy, rinsing with alkaline solutions, or lubrication of sodium borate with mucosal solution with aniline dyes.It is worth noting that the prognosis of this disease is favorable. In order to achieve a stable remission, the treatment can be repeated after 6 months. In addition, it is necessary to treat all associated diseases and pay considerable attention to thorough reorganization of the oral cavity. In the treatment of candidal lesions of the oral mucosa, the importance of adequate nutrition with the exception of alcohol, spices, sweets, carbonated drinks. A positive effect is the use of vitamin tea. For its preparation, dry crushed carrots, black currant and rosehip berries, and nettle leaves should be poured with boiling water and left for 4 hours, then taken 3 cups a day.