Northern mythology: the Scandinavian gods and their origins

German-Scandinavian mythology

Scandinavian gods

This amazing and interesting mythology has reached us in such books as the Elder and Younger Edda, thanks to the already Christian scholar Snorri Sturluson. Basically, mythological stories do not cover a period further than the IX-XI century, the heyday of the Vikings. Many peoples of the North had a hand in the creation of this mythology: the Germans, the Danes, the Swedes, the Icelanders, the Dutch, the Norwegians and even the Finns. In this regard, the Scandinavian gods of every nation differed. The most common are the four main gods: Tug, Thor, Odin and Frey. Relationships and kinship among the Scandinavian gods are almost as intricate as their Greek counterparts.

Origin of the world and gods

Initially, there were two opposite beginnings: Mupelheim and Niflheim. They denoted top and bottom, fire and cold, masculine and feminine. They created a cow Audumlu and a giant Ymir.The cow licked salt stones and created the God of Storms out of them, and he laid the foundation for the family of gods ases. The main ones are Thor, Tyr, Vidar, etc., but Odin is the main one. The gods attacked Ymir and killed him, and from the parts of the body of the giant they created the earth, forests, seas, rivers. Further Scandinavian gods created the first man and woman who were to live in the city of Midgard, protected from giants, dwarves and other creatures.

The main male characters

Viking gods

Not all Viking male gods were warriors, as one might think. The supreme god Odin (his second name is Wotan) possesses a winged helmet, a spear, and rides an eight-legged horse, Sleipnir. Wotan is the patron of poetry, the runes; his animals are the wolf and the raven. Thor (another name - Tunar) is a god of thunder, his weapon is the well-known hammer Mjelnir. He is fair and simple. Thor is the second revered god after Odin, he is the protector of not only gods, but also common people. Loki is an unreal god, but he is allowed into their community and plays an important role there. He protects laughter, beauty and deception, can help out of difficult situations, but it was he who created a lot of problems for the gods. Tyr - the god of law, Baldr - fertility, Njord - material well-being.

German-Scandinavian mythology

Key female characters

In addition to the gods of the Ases, there are also the Vans, the gods of the peasants.One of the main ones is Freya, the goddess of magic, love and beauty. She is the daughter of Njord and has a twin brother Freyra. The Nordic gods of aces are Frigga, the wife of Odin, who is responsible for marriage and family order; The saga is a divine goddess who knows a lot about the future. Skadi - is a strong and independent goddess, she patronizes the same women, is responsible for hunting, as well as for snow and cold. Hel is the daughter of Loki, one half of her body is dead, she is the ruler of the kingdom of the dead. Eyre is a healer.

Not gods

The Scandinavian gods aces and Vans are not the only characters in northern mythology. The giants Etun of Etunheim are also found here; the doors are dwarves, masters of forging, etc. Loki, when he was a mare, gave birth to three children from a horse. Slaipnir's fast-footed horse was taken by Odin. Wolf Fenrir and the snake Yermungandu assigned another role. They are the main instigators of the end of the world and the final battle of good and evil, Ragnarok.

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