Management and structure of production
Recently, much attention has been paid to such an important aspect as the structure of production, as well as the organization of management for the liquidity of enterprises that are privately owned.This is associated with changes in certainprocesses of enterprise development and the economy as a whole. The economic crisis, which began in 2008 and continues in our time, provoked an uncontrollable and constant rise in inflation, hidden or apparent unemployment, underloading of production facilities.
Competitiveness of the enterprise in many respectsdepends on the speed of development of new sales markets, the ability to establish communication between the units of the enterprise that are engaged in product development, sales and marketing. An important role is played by the application of scientific and technological progress.
In other words, the structure of production should be organized so as to meet all external requirements and, if necessary, be able to make changes to it in a timely manner.
The organizational structure of production depends onprovisions that affect the choice of mechanisms and forms of management. For example, the need to consider profits as the primary goal of the enterprise and the objective motive for its existence, awareness of contradictions and conflicts of interests in it, and so on. A targeted approach to the formation of an organization is fully justified. There are no enterprises that do not pursue specific goals in their activities. If this is a private form of ownership, then often the main goal is profit. Clear formation of strategy and goals is the first step in the rational process of the organization, which determines the subsequent mechanisms and actions.
The canons of the traditional approach are based on the idea of production as a linear-functional system of a hierarchical type:
- clear regulation of the structure from top to bottom;
- the unity of construction in accordance with the principles of unity of government and command;
- the desire for a more economical management apparatus, which is able to cope both with the performance of a particular type of work, and with their coordination.
Currently, some of the provisions describedabove, simplify the actual situation and narrow down options for possible approaches, as well as decisions in the reorganization that require a production structure or cost structure of production.
The methods of formingand the theory of building enterprise processes, which are based on the introduction of the idea of a systems approach. This methodology has relative independence and independence from the socio-economic conditions and the field of its position. The main idea - the implementation of design and system analysis of the organization from the position of the idea of decision-making. At the same time, in the process of making decisions, a policy is formed that ensures the future of the enterprise. This concept places the decision at the head of the decision as an act of choosing the direction of eliminating a certain problem, and not work - an element of the production process or a role - the definition of a particular person in the social system.