Interiorization in psychology is ... What is the role of this process?
People have always been interested in the question:how does our psyche work? This complex mechanism, produced by the brain, regulates almost all internal processes of our body, and also allows a person to be a social being. It is thanks to the psyche that a person is able to form the information received from the outside inside his head. Socialization, identification of the individual, cognition, communication, anger, fear - this is all the result of the work of the mental processes of the brain.However, there are a number of issues arising frommeasure the study of this phenomenon. For example, how is the information we receive processed? Which inner brain process is responsible for the interconnection of the external and internal? Any external activity, one way or another, forms in the person's head special mental structures. This process is the answer to all questions, and it is called interiorization.
Characteristics of the term
Internalization in psychology is a processthe emergence of special mental structures arising from external human activities. In other words, all complex actions are processed and converted into experience precisely through internalization. In addition to the presented functions, the process makes it possible to operate with objective images.
We can think about ourselves, imagine things,things, people who are not around, change them. The process of interiorization makes it possible to go beyond what is actually existing. Inside his head, a person can do whatever he pleases. The problem of internalization in the history of Russian psychology worries the minds of scientists for many years, because it is this complex mental process that makes the microcosm of the brain, in which everything is subordinated to one subject.
Scientists studying the question of internalization
The term was first proposed by a French scientistDickheim. In his opinion, interiorization in psychology is a constituent element of the process of socialization of a person or a relationship between public (external) and personal (internal). The theory is based on the fact that all categories of human consciousness are formed taking into account external public notions. A similar point of view was supported by other French representatives of the psychological school, namely Piaget, Janet, Wallon.
Of the many Soviet scientists need to allocateVygotsky. He argued that all external activity, communication between people or the process of knowing something become a part of consciousness in the form of experience after internalization. Thus, interiorization in psychology is a process of transition of the external, social form of communication with people into the component of the human psyche.
Interiors of communication
Any of our external actions, such as communication,pass interiorization. Without this process, people would not be able to get the necessary life experience. The basis of internalization is the inner psychological plan of man. He undergoes significant changes in the course of life activity.
The whole complex process distinguishes a person fromAn animal that exists instinctively. The result of the internalization is a redesigned social activity, which has the form of a structural element of the psyche.
External manifestation of the processed information
Communication is only for the followinggoals: to gain experience or to perform some kind of action. With experience it is understandable, it takes place only after internalization. But with the actions the situation is slightly more complicated. It has already been said that internalization in psychology is a change in external social activity within the mind of a person. But there is also a process that causes the manifestation of this processed information. Exteriorization is the transformation of the inner into the outer. The process allows you to use the experience gained in everyday life. Thus, interiorization and exteriorization in psychology are directly opposite processes, although their functions are somewhat similar. Thanks to them, people can be compared with high-end computers that process information with frenzied speed.
So, in the article the essence of theterm "interiorization". It is in psychology an example of internal comprehension and processing of external activity. Without this process, a person will become an ordinary animal, whose actions are directed only by elementary desires and instincts.