I suffocate what to do or make?
Choking, scientifically called asphyxiation, cansuddenly develop in a seemingly quite healthy person for a variety of different reasons. Accordingly, the methods of combating suffocation will be somewhat different depending on the factors causing it. So let's talk about them in more detail before we go directly to discussing the main topic of our conversation about what to do if a person suffocates.
The main causes of asphyxia
- Choking can cause some kind of mechanicalan obstacle in the path of air going to the lungs. It can be a foreign body caught in the throat or larynx, vomit (in case of severe food poisoning), as well as blood or broken teeth if a person has received maxillofacial trauma.
- Disturbances occurring in the medulla oblongataThe result of intoxication of the body with drugs, some poisons or carbon monoxide can inhibit the activity of the respiratory center located in it and cause choking.
- Functional impairments in the activity of the respiratory muscles, such as paralysis or involuntary convulsive contractions, can also cause asphyxia.
- Breathing disorders can occur as a result ofdamage by electric shock, lightning, drowning, sunstroke, or mechanical squeezing of a person's chest in a crush.
- Some diseases, such as bronchitis, asthma, false croup or diphtheria, can also provoke asthma attacks.
Symptoms of asphyxia
In the initial stage of asphyxia respiratory movementsdeepen and become more frequent. The auxiliary musculature is connected to the work, as a result of which it is possible to visually observe the intercostal spaces occlusion. The breath becomes noisy and wheezing. The face turns pale or blue, the skin becomes pale and moist, cyanosis of the lips and nail plates becomes noticeable. The pulse sharply increases or, on the contrary, slows down, heart activity falls, the patient falls into the stage of extreme excitement, after which if he does not carry out active resuscitation measures, he loses consciousness.
Having dealt with the main causes that causesuffocation, and his symptoms, we can move on and move on to specific recommendations, as you should do in a situation where someone near you suddenly exclaims: "Help! I'm suffocating! ". What to do? Let's consider further.
Help with suffocating
- If a person is conscious and can talk, try first to find out the reason for the suffocation and, in accordance with the information received, try to help him.
- When a patient has asthma, the patient shouldto seat, if possible, to provide him with airflow, you can put a heating pad at your feet, put mustard on your back below the scapular area, give him medicines or an inhaler, which all asthmatics usually carry.
- If suffocation is caused by an allergic swelling of the larynx,give the patient any available antihistamine and immediately call a doctor! When the attack can not be stopped, and medical assistance is not available, independently enter the patient intramuscularly two milliliters of prednisolone, this will help him wait for the doctor to come.
- In case of choking caused by carbon monoxide poisoninggas, freon or ammonia, the affected person should be immediately taken to fresh air and given artificial respiration right up to the arrival of the ambulance.
- The following advice for parents who do not know,What to do if the child suffocates by choking with a small object. Sit down and lay the baby on his forearm face down, so that his head is below the trunk. Base your palm gently, but quite sharply, five times hit the baby between the shoulder blades. As a rule, this is enough for the foreign body to leave the respiratory tract. If this does not happen, turn the child over, place the two middle fingers to the center of his sternum and press it five times quickly. If this did not have the desired effect, continue with your actions until the doctor arrives.