Tomato is one of the most popular vegetables. In most countries, it is considered the second most consumed vegetable after potatoes. Tomatoes can be salted, pickled or consumed raw.
Tomatoes are good in fresh and in the blanks
Ways to grow tomatoesThere are 3 ways to efficiently grow tomatoes:
- In the ground. Tomato is a capricious vegetable, it loves light and heat, does not accept wind and excess moisture. Get a good harvest in the open field, observing simple conditions is easy. There are three rules for getting excellent tomatoes: you need to choose a suitable variety for the area, pick a sunny place, and ensure regular watering.
Tomatoes are unpretentious to the soil
Tomatoes can be grown in the greenhouse
The original way of growing tomatoes
How to choose a variety of tomatoesCurrently there are a huge number of varieties of tomatoes. According to the method of planting they are divided into: street, greenhouse, balcony and home. There are giant and miniature varieties; red, orange, black or yellow.
Which grade is better? Every gardener has his own. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, decide on where you plan to plant the variety (small-fruited varieties have a chance to ripen in the open field, you can grow large tomatoes in the greenhouse), take into account climatic features (each region has its own varieties of tomatoes) and plans to use harvest (for harvesting it is better to grow medium-sized plants). Experienced gardeners are constantly experimenting with varieties, trying new ones and always writing down the results.
Tomatoes can not only be red
- early ripe (ripen at the end of July);
- mid-ripening (ripen in late August, early September);
- late varieties (ripen at the end of September).
Tomato seedling at home. Growing and diving tomatoes
How to grow tomato seedlingsSeeds are sown in low boxes about 10 cm tall. The ground should be left to settle for 2 days, otherwise the seeds will be at a shallower depth than they were planted. The grooves with a depth of 2-3 cm are considered optimal for sowing tomatoes. The distance between the furrows is 3-4 cm. Seeds are sown at a distance of 0.5 cm from each other. You can water it before and after sowing.
Tomatoes Sowing seeds for seedlings
Place for planting tomatoesThe ideal place to grow tomatoes in the open field are considered to be protected from the wind, sufficiently illuminated, heated areas.Tomatoes are less demanding on soil fertility than other vegetables. Therefore, practically any soil with a neutral and weakly acidic environment is suitable for successful cultivation. Preference is given to light and highly fertile soils of sandy and loamy type.
In infertile soils, compost or humus is introduced in autumn. When organic fertilizers are applied annually, it is permissible to grow tomatoes for 2-3 years in the same place (tomatoes of the previous year did not hurt).
Tomato abundance. From seed to harvest
Planting tomatoesFor planting seedlings need to prepare and pour them with water. The depth of the hole is similar to the height of the seedling cup. Strong seedlings are planted in the soil at right angles. Seedlings tall varieties and stretched - at an angle of 45 °. Then the wells with plants should be filled with soil, slightly compacted and watered. Next to the stem of the plant it is necessary to install a peg that will support.
When planting between rows, an interval of about 60-70 cm is observed, and between plants is 30-40 cm. The density of planting tomatoes is:
- for indeterminate (tall varieties) or hybrids - 3-4 plants per square meter are planted;
- for determinant varieties (with limited growth of the main stem) when grown in 1 stem - 6-10 plants per square meter, and when forming 2-3 stems - from 3 to 6 plants.
Planting a tomato, how to plant tomatoes
Watering and feeding tomatoesThe most favorable combination for tomatoes is the soil moisture under the bush is about 85-90%, and the air humidity is 50%. Watering tomatoes is better under the root in the early morning with warm water. It is better to mulch the soil.
It is necessary to observe the correct mode of irrigation: after planting, the seedlings are watered and left for three days. Then it is watered 1-2 times a week, rather abundantly, however, taking into account the variety, size and weather conditions.
Tomatoes watered with warm water.
- Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers will help to get tomatoes with a low content of nitrates.
- Potassium fertilizers (suitable potassium sulfate or ash).
- Microfertilizers containing boron and magnesium - the most optimal for tomatoes.
- Organic fertilizers will contribute to yield.Use compost, humus, fermented green grass, infusion of mullein or bird droppings.
Methods of ripening tomatoesFor the ripening of green fruits we select medium and large healthy fruits. We put them in 2-3 layers in a container and shift them with dry sawdust or paper. The optimum temperature of ripening is about 12-15 C, and the humidity is 80%.
After placing them in containers, close the tomatoes from the top, as they like to ripen in the dark. The process lasts 30-40 days. As a rule, large tomatoes ripen at first.
Tomatoes ripen well in the box
How to save the crop of tomatoes?The fruits of tomatoes are harvested in different degrees of maturity: red, dairy, pink brown and green. It depends on where they plan to use them. For eating and obtaining pasta or tomato juice, red tomatoes are better suited. In order to pickle or pickle tomatoes, it is better to choose brown ones, and dairy or green ones are used for storage and ripening.
How to preserve stuffed tomatoes