How to get to the Crimea by car from Moscow, bypassing Ukraine
The question of how to get to the Crimea by car this summer suddenly became relevant for a large number of independent tourists. We will try to understand what causes this and how to get to the peninsula in the most rational way.
Where are the other modes of transport?
Holidays in the Crimea in the past two decades are not among the most popular tourist destinations. The tourist industry of the peninsula, which was formed mainly in Soviet times, could not withstand competition from the more attractive and affordable resorts in Turkey. But in the spring of 2014, fateful changes occurred in the life of the peninsula, forcing many Russians from the central part of the country and more remote regions to think about how to get to the Crimea by car. And the way there suddenly turned out to be fraught with a significant number of obstacles.
Situation on the peninsula
The status of Crimea has changed as a result of the turbulent political events in Ukraine in the winter and spring of 2014. The peninsula returned to the Russian Federation as one of its full-fledged regions. This created a lot of problems both for the residents of this territory, and for those who used to relax in the summer on the Crimean coast.It is well known that the entire economy of the peninsula is connected with the servicing of tourists and is strongly dependent on their number. But the full-scale hostilities that unfolded in the neighboring country make tourists think about how to get to the Crimea by car, bypassing Ukraine. This is due to the fact that railway communication through a belligerent country is difficult, and the way through the air is unacceptable for many in terms of price indicators. Therefore, the route options are not so much. And all those seeking an answer to the question of how to get to the Crimea by car, the path should be kept in the direction of the Kerch crossing.
Across the strait
The ferry across the Kerch Strait has been regularly carrying passengers and vehicles since September 1954. But the recent political cataclysms in Ukraine have plunged this most important object of the transport infrastructure of the Crimea into a state close to critical. The load on the ferry has increased many times.It was especially hard for those who wished to get from the port of Crimea to the port of Caucasus at the height of the tourist season. Sometimes they had to wait for their turn for several days, and this circumstance greatly darkened the upcoming rest. But besides the Kerch ferry, there are no other answers to the question of how to get to the Crimea by car, bypassing Ukraine,. At least for the time being.
Increase the capacity of the crossing
It would be unfair to assert that nothing was done by the management of transport communications during the past tourist season in the direction of increasing the carrying capacity of the crossing through the Kerch Bay. The number of flights made by already existing ferry facilities has been increased to the limit. New specialized vessels, characterized by increased capacity, were purchased abroad. In addition, a parallel ferry service was opened between the port of Anapa and major cities on the Crimean coast. Motor ships from the Caucasian coast began to make direct flights not only to Kerch, but also to Feodosiya, to Yalta and to Sevastopol.But the whole complex of measures taken was only partially able to resolve the issue of the delivery of tourists to the resorts of the peninsula. And at the end of the season they are destined to face the same problems on the way back. With regret, it should be noted that for several years the Kerch ferry will have to remain the only answer to the question of how to get to the Crimea through Russia.
The question of creating a full-fledged bridge across the Kerch Strait has been raised repeatedly in the Soviet period of history. But it never came to attempts at concrete implementation. This is due to many problems of both technical and financial nature. But the political and economic situation, which suddenly arose around the Crimea, made it urgent to recall the construction of a bridge between the Caucasus and the Crimean shores, in order to once and for all remove the question of how to get to the Crimea by car. What is the best way to do this, if not by a bridge between the two banks? But they are separated by a distance of five kilometers, and the water area of the bay is distinguished by a rather complex hydrological character.In the strait there is a strong current and uneasy ice conditions in the winter period of time.
Nevertheless, the large-scale construction of the bridge has actually begun. Currently, design and survey works are being carried out. The bridge should, in a single multi-span design, provide road and rail links with the Crimean peninsula. To complete its construction is planned no earlier than December 2018. And already in the next tourist season, this engineering object should be kept in mind as a key point of the route for those who will think how to get to the Crimea by car, bypassing Ukraine, from Moscow. Although it may well be that by this time the situation in the neighboring country is normalizing and alternative ways of communication with the peninsula will appear.
From the capital
In the direction of the Crimean Peninsula from Moscow leads Simferopol highway. But this route passes through Ukraine. And today it is difficult to predict when they will be able to use again without the risk of being in a combat zone. Not so long ago, in view of the evidence, the question of how to get to the Crimea by car from Moscow was not subject to a long discussion.The year 2014, which turned out to be stormy and saturated with political events, made adjustments to popular tourist routes.
Those who wish to get to the Crimea today will have to keep their way along the federal highway M4, bypassing the cities of Voronezh and Rostov-on-Don, in the direction of the village of Kislyakovskaya. And from there, go to the right and move towards the port of Kavkaz, bypassing the stanitsa of Leningrad, Kanevskaya, Timashevsk and Slavyansk-on-Kubani. From the southern outskirts of Rostov to the port of Kavkaz, the distance is a little more than four hundred kilometers. It takes about five and a half hours to overcome it. You should be psychologically prepared for the long waiting of your turn on the ferry across the Kerch Strait.
How to get to the Crimea by car from Saratov
The port of Kavkaz, which is the starting point of the ferry crossing to the Crimean peninsula, is separated from the Volga city of Saratov by a distance of 1,273 kilometers. Route options here will not have to be analyzed for long, it is the only one. The direction should be kept through Volgograd on Rostov-on-Don. South of this city you should leave the federal highway M4 to the right and follow to the Chushka spit, where the entrance to the crossing is located.This path usually takes a little more than five hours, the distance to be covered in four and a few hundred kilometers. Particularly long queues at the Kerch ferry were fixed at the beginning of the tourist season - at the end of May and in June. In the second half of summer, they became much smaller.
How to get from Ufa to Crimea by car
The southern coast of the Crimean peninsula has traditionally been considered a popular summer destination among residents of Siberia and the Urals. It happened in the Soviet period of history. The tourists from these regions did not lose interest in the Crimean direction even during the period when the peninsula was Ukrainian. And after the return of the Crimea to the Russian Federation, the number of people willing to visit it increased significantly. Travelers are not stopped even by the considerable length of the route, which is 2400 kilometers. To overcome this path you have to spend more than a day and a half, and the condition of the road in many sections leaves much to be desired. The best route route from Ufa is considered to be the direction to Samara. And further - Tolyatti, Saratov, Kamyshin, Kalach-on-Don, Belaya Kalitva, Shakhty, Novocherkassk, Rostov-on-Don.After Rostov - turn to the right and the site is four hundred kilometers from the port of Kavkaz.
From Anapa to Crimea
On the last leg of the journey from Rostov-on-Don to the Crimea, an alternative option is possible. If there is information that there is a very large queue at the Kerch crossing, then you can turn off the road to Anapa. In the port of this resort city, a direct ferry service is organized not only with Kerch, but also Theodosia, Yalta and Sevastopol. But it should be borne in mind that the queues for the ferry in the high season are observed in Anapa. In addition, this choice involves more substantial costs for the crossing than the way through the Kerch Strait.
To rest in the Crimea. Immediate and more distant prospects
According to most leading analysts, the Crimean direction of the tourism business is quite problematic. And this is due not only to the difficult reach of the peninsula for road transport. Tangible difficulties began to arise even in those times when there was no question of how to get to the Crimea. 2014, with its political cataclysms, only aggravated these problems. The point here is that the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula was considered the most popular beach resort in the Soviet period.And the overwhelming majority of citizens of the Soviet Union simply did not have a choice. They could only compare with each other the Crimea and Abkhazia. At any other beach resorts in the Soviet era was very difficult. And today it is more profitable to rest on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey than in the Crimea. At present, it is difficult to predict whether the tourist industry of the peninsula will withstand such competition. In any case, this will require significant investments in the development of the resort infrastructure of the entire southern coast of Crimea.