House of timber with their own hands. Construction technology
A house made of timber with your own hands is an ideal option for country building. The construction of such housing is relatively simple, inexpensive and takes a little time and effort. Therefore, it becomes real to build a house from a bar with your own hands. Such a building is very warm and environmentally friendly, as it is made of natural material - wood. In addition, the foundation for this house will be much cheaper, and its arrangement is easier, because the design of this building is relatively light.
Pros and cons of a house from a bar
- fire hazard;
- relatively short lifespan compared to stone houses.
- relatively low price;
- savings on interior and exterior finishing;
- high degree of thermal insulation;
- environmental friendliness and naturalness;
- rigidity and stability of the structure.
How to build a house from a bar. Stages of construction
The project of the house from a bar can be executed most or bought. Deciding on the layout, you need to choose not too complicated option in relation to geometric shapes. Otherwise, it will be difficult to implement it.
To build a house from a bar with their own hands, use a lightweight strip or columnar monolithic foundation. They are excellent for light construction of this structure, and their arrangement is much cheaper and faster.
For the construction of this type of housing used timber 150x150 mm. Jute is laid between the rows of the timber. Window, doorways and partitions are pre-designated in the project. On the foundation there is a layer of cushioning roofing material for waterproofing. Sex beams stacked on it. The first row of timber in the joints and corners zapilivaetsya in the castle. After its arrangement, the diagonal of the house is checked. Then all joints and corners of the timber are clamped. The internal partitions are laid out preferably from a material 100x150 mm. The edges of the window openings are secured with dowels. Also, the corners of the building are fixed brackets. These measures ensure the reliability of the design.
House of timber with their own hands.Roof mounting
For roofing, you can use slate, ondulin, decking, metal tile andshingles. Technology installation of the roof and its cost will depend on the cost of the material chosen by you. Most often for these purposes they use metal roofing or corrugated flooring.
How to insulate a house from a bar
For warming the floor using mineral or glass wool. The advantages of the first insulation include: non-inflammability, sound insulation, durability, moisture resistance, resistance to aggressive chemical environments. Glass wool has almost the same characteristics, but it absorbs moisture.
To insulate the walls, the rows of timber alternate with jute, which is from 0.5 to 1 cm thick. Penoizol, mineral wool, polystyrene foam, etc. can also be used for this purpose. To make the house warm, you need to install high-quality windows. Wall insulation can be internal and external:
- Between the inner wall and drywall fit insulation that allows the walls to "breathe" and not absorbing moisture.
- For insulation outside the material is fixed around the house to the walls with anchor bolts.Then made the exterior of the building.
The material for vapor barrier (glass wool, film, etc.) is laid on the cushioned ceiling. Then put a layer of fire-resistant insulation (expanded clay, insulation boards, foam foil, etc.). The final step will be to fill the cement screed and lay the board.