Gypsy mafia in the USSR and Russia: what is known about it
These ethnic organized criminal groups are characterized by cronyism, nepotism and the involvement of minor children in the illegal business. There is no sphere of criminal activity, wherever they are lit.
The illegitimate Gypsies were a headache for the police of the Soviet Union and remain frequent defendants in criminal cases initiated by the Russian police.
Drugs are not everything
The layman may have the opinion that the main criminal trades in which Roma are engaged are drug trafficking, fraud and begging. This is not entirely true. In the post-war USSR, Gypsy gangs were very actively engaged in thefts, robberies and robberies. Although the drug trade since the late 80s began to bring the Gypsy mafia the biggest profits.
It was the gypsy organized crime groups in the "commonwealth" with other ethnic gangs that laid the drug trafficking in Siberia, the Far East and the territory of the present Central Federal District at the sunset of the USSR.
Criminal romales by definition do not work alone. If in the family (and they traditionally have big ones) do something illegal, then everyone is tied up. The Roma criminal community is closed, they do not allow outsiders to themselves, which complicates the intelligence and operational search work to law enforcement agencies to expose the perpetrators.
Gypsies are pushing their under-age children onto the criminal path, whose age is not enough to bring them to justice. They do not hand over any of their own. For example, in a Gypsy family where people sell drugs, as a rule, someone will certainly be sitting. With the next "nix" just another candidate (often a woman) is chosen to be sent to the zone, which takes all the blame. The children do not worry about the children left at liberty - they will be brought up by their relatives: it is not customary for the Gypsies to send minors to orphanages and shelters.
Perhaps the most famous and impressive example associated with the gypsy mafia, which has spread its tentacles throughout the Soviet Union, is the story of the organized crime group of the gypsy baron Vladimir Sharkozy, who organized numerous robberies and thefts in several regions of the USSR in the 50s.A criminal tangle consisting of a series of murders, robberies, robberies and thefts was unraveled for two years. The progress of the investigation was reported to the CPSU Central Committee.
Two main circumstances hampered the case - the bandits "bombed" the clergy, who reluctantly shared their grief with the law enforcement officers: the priests themselves had something to hide. And when it became clear that most of these crimes were most likely roma gangs hiding, another caveat appeared - the gypsies also began to lock themselves and did not want to give up.
The newly tested innovation has helped - a secret order from the Ministry of Internal Affairs to increase the use of intracameral agents, that is, simply speaking, “broods” of snitches hooked up to suspects. Gradually, the amount of operational information on attacks on priests and related crimes increased, from the regions they began to recall similar cases, “visies”, which were once closed because it was impossible to identify those involved in the raids.
During searches, criminals seized jewelry, church utensils, bonds, cash, cuts of expensive fabrics - a total of more than 18 millionrubles. The leaders of the gangs at the end of the investigation and the court were shot, and ordinary fighters-romales received a long time.
"Calderari", "mob," Lovari "...
According to modern Russian law enforcement, today a rare gypsy family has no relation to the drug business. The Gypsy barons are increasingly added with the prefix "drug -." In the Gypsy drug OGP, there is a rigid hierarchy with a clear distribution of roles - certain Roma extract, transport and market drugs. The sales are mostly women, often under-age girls. Due to the close kinship and clan relations within the community, the Roma drug dealers are hardly perceptible to the police.
Gypsies also have their criminal suit-nationalities. “Cherni” are professionally involved in theft - there is a banscher in the group (the same “mob”), she steers the other compatriots. They go into the apartment to "get drunk", "to swaddle the child" - then, as they say, the matter of technology. “Lovari” also harvests burglary, but they can also “break” money (slip a “doll”) in crowded places. "Calderari" guess or "remove damage." Many believe that some of them still have the gift of hypnosis,otherwise numerous cases of fraud are difficult to explain - it happens that the victim even runs home to take and give the last savings to the Roma. “Servus” trade in drugs or trade in pickpocketing, in this they are very skilled.
This is not a complete list of Roma groups engaged in various kinds of criminal activities. The criminal peculiarity of representatives of this nation, who have embarked on the criminal path, due to ethnic specificity, lies precisely in generality - most often Roma are engaged in their dark deeds by the herd and prefer not to work alone.