Duphaston: side effects. "Duphaston": description, instruction, application, contraindications, composition, storage
Nowadays, many are known. Some of them are designed to protect against unexpected pregnancy, while others, on the contrary, help to conceive a baby. In this article we will discuss the drug "Duphaston". How to take it? How to store and in what cases it is necessary to refuse such a drug? Answer all your questions.
General description of the drug
Tablets "Duphaston" have a white matte color. They are rather small in size. Covers the drug thin shell, which consists of a film dissolving in the stomach.
Tablets "Duphaston" are divided into two parts by a special strip. On one of them there is an inscription "115".The drug is an artificial analogue of the hormone progesterone.
Deciphering pharmacological properties
The action of "Duphaston" comes already approximately in one hour after reception. In the body at this moment there is an increase in progesterone levels. It is worth noting that the drug does not contain additional female and male hormones: estrogens and androgens.
Displays the drug with the urine. The absence of traces of the drug can be observed already three days after the last pill. The duration of excretion of the substance from the body does not depend on the amount of the dose received.
The half-life of the drug begins to be observed after about ten hours, which is why, to maintain a constant concentration in the human body, a second dose of the drug is prescribed at regular intervals.
The composition of the drug
One package of the drug is made of cardboard. Inside you can find a plate with pills. Usually they are produced in 20 pieces in one box.
Didrogesterone is present in one tablet, and it is the active active ingredient.The amount is 10 milligrams per pill.
Also as additional excipients in the tablet you can find the following: lactose monohydrate, corn starch, methyloxypropyl cellulose, magnesium stearate and colloidal anhydrous silicon oxide.
DUHASTON pills: how to take and how much
Like any other drug, this drug has indications for use. In what cases is this medicine prescribed, and how to drink Duphaston?
Indications for appointment
Quite often, this drug is prescribed to representatives of the weaker sex as a hormonal therapy. In this case, the goal of the doctor is to stop the effect of estrogen hormones on the female endometrium. Quite often, this method is resorted to during menopause. This technique helps reduce the risk of cancer.
Treatment with Duphaston is also prescribed to women who have various hormonal diseases, such as endometriosis. In this case, the main goal is to reduce the negative effects of estrogen and slow the growth of the endometrium. Also, the drug "Duphaston" has the ability to reduce the production of androgens, which contribute to the development of endometriosis.
In the case when there is a shortage of progesterone in the woman's body, this drug can also be prescribed. With a pronounced premenstrual syndrome shows the use of the drug "Duphaston".
Women with menstrual bleeding disorders, irregularities and frequent arrivals are prescribed this drug.
During pregnancy, women often have to take this drug. In this case, the main goal is to maintain the work of the corpus luteum and replenish the missing level of progesterone.
With a long absence of pregnancy, the drug Duphaston is prescribed. In this case, it supports the second phase of the cycle and does not allow the start of menstruation ahead of time.
If you are prescribed Duphaston, how much to drink it and for how long, the doctor decides on an individual basis. Everything will depend on the purpose for which the treatment was prescribed. Consider each individual case of taking the drug "Duphaston". How to take it in one way or another?
For a start it is worth noting that one pill is usually taken at one time.It should be drained with plenty of water. Absolutely does not depend on the drug intake of food. Like all hormones, this drug must be taken strictly at the same time. Try not to miss the next pill, because otherwise the effect of the substance will be reduced, and the therapeutic effect will not reach its maximum.
In most cases, to achieve an effective result, the drug is prescribed in conjunction with the reception of estrogen. First, you use estrogen-containing drugs, approximately until the middle of the cycle. After that, it is time to take the drug "Duphaston". One tablet per day is usually prescribed. The course of treatment is from 12 to 14 days.
With hormonal diseases
In the case of treatment of endometriosis or with an irregular cycle, the patient is prescribed medication from the 5th to the 25th day of the cycle. The medicine must be drunk one tablet twice a day. In this case, it is necessary to divide the day into two equal parts and use the medicine at regular intervals. Only in this way you can achieve the maximum concentration of the substance in the body.
In this case, the drug is prescribed for one week. The patient should take one tablet twice a day at regular intervals.
With a long absence of menstruation
If pregnancy is not the cause of the absence of menstruation, then Duphaston pills are prescribed from the 11th to the 25th day of the female cycle. Take one tablet twice a day.
PMS and irregular periods
In this case, the medication is started on day 11 and continues until day 25. You need to take the medicine twice a day, one capsule.
In the period of carrying a child, this medicine is prescribed in case of a lack of progesterone. If a woman has started bleeding, then she needs to take 4 tablets at a time. After that, it is recommended to use the medicine in one capsule every 8 hours. When the symptoms disappear, you can cancel the hormonal remedy, but you need to carefully monitor that the symptoms do not recur.
If a pregnant woman has a shortage of progesterone, then the drug is prescribed to take twice a day, one tablet each. In this case, the abolition of the drug can be carried out only after the completion of the formation of the placenta, at about 20 weeks.
In this case, the medication is prescribed immediately after ovulation. On average, from 14 to 25 day cycle. However, the selection of treatment must take into account the individual female cycle, as the drug "Duphaston" can simply suppress the release of the egg from the ovary.
Like any other drug, Duphaston also has side effects. That is why, in order to avoid complications, it is necessary to take into account contraindications to the use of this medication.
Do not take the drug for women with progesterone-dependent tumor processes. In case of endometrial hyperplasia during combination with ethogen-containing preparations. Bleeding from the genital tract for unknown reason. Childhood is also a contraindication to the use of the drug.
Tablets "Duphaston": side effects
Quite frequent side effects while taking this drug are severe headaches and migraines. Nausea and dizziness may also occur.
More rare phenomena include a painful condition of the breast, an allergic reaction in the form of a rash or itching.It is also possible the development of liver disease.
Very rarely, the following reactions may occur: allergic edema or anemia.
Also during the administration of the drug, depressive state, breast cancer or their increase, thromboembolism, various types of tumor processes, problems with the heart and blood vessels may occur.
In some cases, the drug "Duphaston" side effects has the following. In various diseases of the liver and kidneys, the patient's condition worsens. Also, when diseases of the veins can be provoked their expansion, swelling of the limbs and heaviness in the legs.
It is worth saying that if you take Duphaston pills, side effects have arisen, and the condition has worsened, you need to replace the drug with another analogue, or completely cancel progesterone.
It is necessary to place the drug in a dark place. Keep in mind that the temperature should not be above 30 degrees. Also restrict children's access to storage.
After five years from the date of production it is necessary to abandon the use of such a drug.
Depending on the region in which the drug “Duphaston” is purchased, the price may differ slightly. On average, the cost of this hormonal medicine is in the range from 500 to 1000 rubles. It is also worth noting that in different pharmacy chains the medicine may have different costs.
Remember that the drug "Duphaston", which costs less than five hundred rubles, is likely to be a fake. Do not purchase these drugs.
In most cases, this drug has only positive reviews. The drug "Duphaston" helps to solve the problems of many of the fair sex. However, a positive effect is achieved only in those cases when the recommendations of the doctor are fully complied with and the drug is properly withdrawn.
Be attentive to your health and do not get sick!