Day of Saints Peter and Fevronia. When they celebrate the Day of Remembrance of Saints Peter and Fevronia of Murom
In 2008, the Russian government decided to confer national status on a holiday that has been celebrated by the church since time immemorial. This is the day of Saints Peter and Fevronia - saints of God, who throughout their lives set an example of conjugal loyalty and love. A medal was also established for those whose marriage was crowned with a golden or brilliant jubilee, and for those who distinguished themselves by a multitude.
Heroes of the story of the ancient chronicler
From a distant 16th century, a poem about family happiness of the sovereign Muromsky Prince Peter and his wife, the pious beauty Fevronia, came to us. Wrote her outstanding writer and historian of those years Yermolai Erazm. Everything in this poem breathes genuine truth - and the feelings of the heroes, and the description of the mores of their contemporaries, and even a story about the personal problems that the heroes had to overcome on the way to happiness.At about the same time, the prince and his wife were canonized, and a holiday was set in Russia - the Day of Remembrance of Saints Peter and Fevronia.
How often episodes occur in our lives, which are then said: "If there were no happiness, yes, misfortune would help." So the future saints Peter and Fevronia of Murom owe their meeting to the terrible ailment with which the prince was struck. The chronicler tells that he was struck down by an incurable disease for those times - leprosy. No one could help the sufferer, and it seemed that his days were numbered. But once he heard a voice in a dream that foreshadowed that a certain girl lives - a daughter of a beekeeper near Ryazan, and that the Lord made her wise with the gift of healing. Only she can heal him.
Instantly sent for the maiden - the benefit of the Ryazan lands were not far. She appeared before the prince’s clear eyes. It was the day when Peter and Fevronia of Murom first saw and fell in love with each other.
The young maiden cured her lover, not forgetting to first take from him the promise to marry her. Passionate feelings (or lack of choice) prompted the prince to make such a promise, but, having received what he wanted, he suddenly decided that he should not be in a hurry with the wedding - he is a prince, and she, though wise and beautiful, is just a peasant.
But he underestimated Fevronia.Whether she possessed the gift of perspicacity, or simply men knew well, but only provided for such a turn of events in advance and made the disease return and hit Peter again. There was nothing left for him to do, how to repent tearfully, dumping everything, as usual, on the demon, who, he says, “misled”, and to lead the condemned under the crown. So, against his will, he at once found both a loving wife and good health.
One of the founders of realism
That is why the history of Yermolai Erazm, an outstanding writer of the 16th century, has been preserved for us. On the pages of his works genuine people came to life, in all their greatness and cowardice. His story is not just a living, in which, according to the laws of the genre, all the negative is omitted, and an emphasis is placed on the virtues of the character. His manuscripts are the seed from which realistic literature subsequently grew.
Test of loyalty
But let us return to those in honor of whom we are today celebrating the Day of Saints Peter and Fevronia of Murom. After the wedding, the prince and the young princess healed in love and happiness. All the bad things that preceded this were forgotten, it seemed that the time of grace had finally come. But fate was preparing them a new test.The arrogant and proud Murom boyars considered it humiliating for themselves to have as a princess - the wife of a ruler - a former peasant woman. They issued an ultimatum to the prince: either he expels Fevronia and marries a more dignified and well-born bride, or part with his princely authority.
It was a truly severe test of love and devotion. Peter did not hesitate, preferred family happiness and rejected the illusive glory. But it was not destined to triumph the boyars. The Lord showed them His will in terrible signs, and they, filled with fear, went back down, cowardly trying to lay the blame on their wives, they say, they urged them on. In general, the story had a happy ending: the prince with the princess successfully continued their rule, and their obstinate subjects were confounded.
Blessed death of the holy couple
A long and happy life lived sovereign spouses. Every day of Saints Peter and Fevronia was the ideal of love and loyalty to God. When the old age came to them, they wished to take monastic vows in order to appear before the Most High in the rank of angelic. They died, as befits a truly happy couple, on the same day.Even they had a common coffin - a double with a thin partition in the middle. Their honest relics found their repose in the Trinity Convent of Murom.
All the events described occurred in the XIII century, and after three hundred years the church canonized them. At the same time, several prayers addressed to them were compiled. All of them, albeit different in the text, have a common semantic outline. They ask for the holy saints of their prayers before the Throne of God for sinners and for giving us love for our neighbors, family happiness and abundant childbearing.
Holiday of family happiness
Since then, it was established to celebrate July 8, the Day of Saints Peter and Fevronia. In Russia, this holiday has always been among the most beloved, because everything connected with it is related to the most important aspects of human life - family and marriage. It has long been customary on this day to arrange festivities with round dances and singing. Often at the height of the fun, future couples found each other. That's just one problem - the holiday fell on the days of Petrovsky fasting, and the wedding was not held. We had to postpone the wedding until the autumn, until the end of the field work.
The Synod came to help especially impatient brides and grooms.By his decree, he commanded to celebrate the day of Saints Peter and Fevronia, in addition to the one established earlier on July 8, in the fall - September 19. This date does not appear in any of the established posts, and if it falls on a fast day, then nothing interferes with the wedding. Over time, the initiative was born to give the triumph of all-Russian status, since the festivities were held only in Murom, where the relics of these saints rested.
In 2001, the recently elected Mayor of Murom, V.A. Kachevan, sent an appeal to Moscow, signed by 150,000 residents of the city, with a request to make the day of the celebration of Saints Peter and Fevronia an official public holiday. At the federal level, this initiative was fully supported, and a working group headed by Svetlana Medvedeva, who at that time was the first lady of the state, was created to implement it. She had the idea to choose as the emblem of the holiday an image of a daisy with two colored petals - pink and blue.
This symbol is decorated with a commemorative medal, which was mentioned at the beginning of the article. It is given to couples whose married life can serve as an example of love and loyalty.Today, the Day of Saints Peter and Fevronia is celebrated with pleasure by both believers and non-believers, since it is based on eternal values that are close and comprehensible to everyone, regardless of their attitude to religion. The Russian Orthodox holiday has become an analogue of Valentine's Day, celebrated by the Western Church and also dedicated to love and family.