Daily hygiene of the child: what a first grader should remember
Every mother wants her baby to always be clean and tidy. Especially strongly the question of the hygiene of the child begins to worry the parents when the baby goes to the first class and becomes more independent.
That is why many mothers are starting to worry: will the baby not forgetto wash handsbefore eating at school, after physical education and going to the toilet, whether he will eat and leave the stuffy class for a break in time.
Today we will talk about the basic rulesfirst-grader hygiene at home and at school, as well as how to instill hygienic skills in the baby.
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A little about the hygiene of the child ...
As is known,good habitsformed in children long enough. That is why to teach your baby dailyfollow the rules of personal hygieneit is not easy. But you should be patient and still teach your child to brush his teeth regularly, wash his hands, change clothes and perform other hygiene procedures. These skills will help the baby to always be healthy.
The easiest way to teach a child hygiene is a personal example.
The easiest way to teach a child hygiene is by example. Invite your child to brush their teeth morning and evening together so that the baby knows thatoral hygiene- This is a mandatory procedure not only for him, but also for parents.
Also, it would not be superfluous to explain to the child why brushing his teeth and washing his hands, to tell him about germs, bacteria and diseases that may arise from them. You can give the child this information in a playful way or you can read books about cleanliness, for example, “Moidodyr”.
But! Do all of the above is necessary much earlier than the time when the baby will go to the first class. By the time of the first trip to school, the child should already have basic hygiene skills. During the periodprimary school agethe task of the parents is to control how the babymonitors personal hygieneand help the child learn hygienic skills that he has not yet mastered (nutritional hygiene and occupational health skills).
Maria Savinova, pediatrician, homeopath:“By school age, hygienic skills should already be formed - washing hands before eating, after using the toilet, when returning home.At school, it is advisable to give the child a package of dry and wet wipes, so that he can keep his hands clean there. ”
Important!Hygiene skills acquired in childhood remain for life. Therefore, it is so important to lay down a craving for purity in childhood.
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What kind of hygienic skills should a child learn by school age, and what skills will he still need to learn?
First-grader hygiene rules: what a child should know
By age 6, the baby must fully master all procedures for personal hygiene. He should get used to them, many do without the help and reminders of parents.
Oral hygiene.Children aged 6 years are recommendedbrush your teethtwice a day using toothpaste and your toothbrush in the morning after breakfast and in the evening before bed. After each meal, you need to teach your baby to rinse your mouth. By the age of 6, most children no longer forget to brush their teeth on their own, without reminding their mother.
Mom forumchanka Ksenia shared her story:“We had a whole war with grandmother about brushing our teeth.She argued that the child should brush their teeth twice a day: the first - in the morning before eating with paste, and the second time - in the evening before going to bed, but without paste, only with a brush dipped in water. I didn’t support such a scheme, as brushing my teeth in the morning before eating is pointless, better after. And why in the evening - without pasta? It is likely that between the teeth remained food particles, and developed caries. In general, we fought and fought, but I taught my child to brush my teeth as dentists advise: in the morning after eating and in the evening before going to bed, both times with paste. Now the baby is already big, there are no problems with teeth at all. ”
Hygiene of the face, ears, nose, neck and legs.Six year old baby needs every daywash your face and necktwice a day (morning and evening), as well as when needed, for example, after lunch or a walk, if the child gets dirty. Also, before going to bed the baby needs to wash his feet, if on that day he does nottaking a bath. Legs need to be washed with soap and wipe them with a special towel. The child can easily perform these procedures himself, the task of the mother is to control it. Once a month, the child needs to cut his toenails. The nose should be cleaned as needed when it is clogged.Ears are recommended to be cleaned once a week using cotton buds with limiters. These procedures are quite complex, so the child can do them with parental help.
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Hair care.Baby 6 years may well learncomb yourself. It is necessary to teach a child to do it twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. To do this, the baby must have a personal comb. Do not be amiss to grab a comb to school. If a girl has long hair, it is better if her mother helps her to comb her hair and make a neat haircut (pigtail, tail). As for boys' hairstyles, they are recommended to cut their hair once every two months. It is very important to wash your hair in time. Depending on the fat content of the hair, from 1 to 3 times a week with children's shampoo. To wash the baby's head at this age should help mom. It will be very good if the mother starts teaching the child how to wash her own hair.
Hand and nail hygiene.By the age of six, the child should clearly remember that hands should be washed before each meal, after going to the toilet, after returning from the street. This should not be forgotten in school.It is desirable that the school also had the opportunitywash your hands with soapunder running water. If this is not possible, give the child with a wet and dry wipes, let them clean hands with their help. Also, about once a week or more often, depending on the characteristics of the baby, the mother should cut the child's fingernails.
Hygiene genitals.Already at 6 years of age, it is necessary to teach your baby to wash the genitals once or twice a day with warm water and soap. For these procedures, the child should also have a separate towel.
Body care.It is recommended for children aged 6 years to swim in the bathroom once a week and take a shower every day in the evening. Of course, if the baby lovesto take a bath, but it does not make it difficult for you, allow him to splash more often - 2-3 times a week. In the summer, you can offer your child to take a warm shower in the morning.
Hygiene clothes.Mom should take care of the child's clothes being washed with a safe means. A baby should be taught that every day you need to change your underwear and socks, and the rest of the clothes as they get dirty. Distinguishing this very measure is also worth teaching a child.From the age of six, you can gradually teach a child to wash his underwear and socks with his hands, this will become a habit, due to this the child will learn to appreciate the purity.
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Food Hygiene is what a child needs to learn.at a younger school age. With the start of school attendance, the child's day routine changes; the baby must get used to it with the help of parents. The regime should be such that it has a place for breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea and dinner. It is noteworthy that the kid will have to eat lunch and afternoon tea at school. Well, if the class teacher organizes the nutrition of children, then the baby will be easier to adapt. If not, give the child food for lunch and snack. Advise him what time to eat and what to eat.
The child’s occupational health is literate.alternation of work and rest, it is also worthwhile to teach the child. He needs to be told that it is necessary to leave the class at recess, you should not stay in a stuffy room, it is better to go, Ptalk to classmatesand get some air in the hallway.Also it is worth explaining to the child that it is not good to eat at his desk, if so, it can stain notebooks with fat hands, leave crumbs, and this will interfere with everything. Parents should take care of home to organize a comfortable and well-lit workplace for the child, where he could do the lessons.