Crashed mercury thermometer in the apartment: what to do and how to collect mercury
To date, probably, there is no such person, whose body temperature would not rise. In order to accurately determine how much it has increased or decreased, there are special devices. Despite the fact that today electronic thermometers are sold literally at every step, nevertheless many people continue to use thermometers containing mercury. This is due to the fact that the latter are more reliable and are much less likely to make mistakes. But such thermometers have one big drawback - there is mercury inside them that can cause severe intoxication. Therefore, everyone should have an idea of what to do if a mercury thermometer in an apartment has broken.
To break a thermometer with mercury in a living room is not a pleasant situation, but if this happens, you should remain calm.Toxic substance can be collected without receiving absolutely no harm to their health. The thing is that the poisoning does not occur instantly. As a rule, mercury vapor can harm the body after a few hours. The first signs of poisoning with a dangerous substance are severe weakness, headache, and heavy breathing. In addition, an unpleasant metallic taste may occur in the mouth.
Therefore, if a thermometer has crashed at home, then you should not be careless because it can end very badly. Some people simply sweep the mercury balls into a scoop and throw them into a bucket, then breathe toxic fumes. In addition, there is no guarantee that you can fully collect all the mercury.
So what if the broken mercury thermometer in the apartment? What to do and how to properly collect the hazardous substance? The most important thing is to calm down. This will allow you to coordinate properly and take the necessary measures.
Ask unauthorized people to leave the premises.
Has a mercury thermometer broken in an apartment? What to do? The first action is to ask all people to vacate the premises.This is especially true of children, pregnant women and the elderly. If you have a dog or a cat at home, then it is better to bring them into another room so that they do not breathe in poisonous vapors and do not smash the mercury into the next rooms.
It is not mercury itself that is harmful to health, but its vapor. This substance begins to melt at a temperature of about 40 degrees, so if the room is cooler, then there should be no evaporation. Nevertheless, it is better not to risk once again and open all the windows. This will allow at least a little to cool the room and prevent the release of toxic fumes. It is also important not to overdo it, because mercury balls can harden and break.
Mercury thermometer crashed in the apartment, what to do?
The steps are as follows:
- put on shoe covers (if they are not at hand, you can use plastic bags);
- wear clothes made of synthetic (synthetic materials absorb toxic fumes much less);
- put on a protective mask under which you put wet gauze. Alternatively, you can use a wet towel;
- Wear rubber gloves.
It is worth noting that all clothes and protective equipment after cleaning the premises will have to be thrown out, so use only old things that will not be thrown away.
In addition to uniforms, you will need the following inventory:
- several album sheets;
- brush with a soft brush;
- a glass container that can be hermetically sealed, it should be filled with manganese solution;
- wet newspaper;
So, what to do if a mercury thermometer broke in an apartment? If everything you need is at hand, then you can begin to eliminate the threat. To localize the spread of toxic fumes, shut down all the doors and put a wet rag under them. You can also call the Ministry of Emergency Situations and ask to advise you on what measures should be taken in this situation.
Collecting mercury: general tips and advice
A mercury thermometer broke in the apartment - what to do and how to remove? Everything is very easy and simple, if you follow certain tips and recommendations. Take a landscape sheet and a brush with a soft brush, moisten it in a manganese solution and gently roll the mercury ball on the paper.Very small balls are cleaned with scotch tape.
Well inspect every corner and crevice. If mercury is detected in them, then it can be collected with a syringe. If a toxic substance falls under the flooring or plinth, they must be removed and collected mercury, because if it stays there, then dangerous fumes will poison everyone in the room.
What to do if a mercury thermometer broke in an apartment and mercury hit the carpet or upholstered furniture? In this case, to collect the substance on its own will be quite difficult. The best option is to take things out of the city and burn them. In addition, you can take the furniture to the country and leave it on the street for several months. During this time, the mercury under the influence of sunlight will have to completely evaporate.
When collecting mercury, it is prohibited to use a vacuum cleaner and a broom. The fact is that a vacuum cleaner can spread poisonous fumes throughout the apartment, and if you use a broom, the rods will break the balls into small particles, which can no longer be assembled.
When cleaning the room from mercury, it is necessary to periodically go out into the fresh air to breathe.It is not recommended to breathe toxic fumes longer than 15 minutes. This is especially true of those cases if the room is hot and you can not cool it a little. When leaving the premises, be sure to remove the boot covers, so as not to carry the mercury throughout the apartment.
Mercury thermometer crashed in the apartment, what to do? We have already considered how to collect mercury balls, but how to finally clear the room of this substance? In order to completely eliminate the threat, it is necessary to process all surfaces in the room. To do this, use a special solution, for the preparation of which you will need to dilute 20 grams of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of warm water. If suddenly you do not have any of this, then use the usual "Whiteness".
Take a washcloth, moisten it in a solution and carefully treat all surfaces. Do not disregard any gap. Hard-to-reach places should be sprayed.
When processing is complete, open all windows for a while to air the room. At the same time interior doors must be closed so that the draft does not carry poisonous fumes throughout the apartment.
So, the mercury thermometer crashed in the apartment, what to do? We have already talked about what is needed for cleaning mercury, as well as how the cleaning process takes place directly. But what to do with the collected mercury? All clothing, protective equipment and inventory should be placed in a plastic bag and disposed of properly. Do not throw things in a landfill.
If a mercury thermometer broke in an apartment - what to do? Reviews of people faced with a similar situation, say that it is best to send the thermometer and collected mercury for disposal in a special service. It is worth noting that the staff of this service does not always agree to accept mercury, but it should be insisted on its own. If it still does not work, then you can contact private companies that dispose of mercury for a fee.
What is not recommended?
Has a mercury thermometer broken in an apartment? What to do, we already know. But what is not recommended in this case?
It is better not to take the following actions:
- Air the room with the doors open to the next room. Draft can spread small droplets of mercury throughout the housing, as a result of which it will be very difficult to find and assemble them.
- Never collect mercury with a broom.The bars will only break the balls into smaller ones, which will only aggravate the situation.
- Do not use a vacuum cleaner to collect mercury. Streams of air will spread mercury throughout the room, which can lead to disastrous consequences.
- It is impossible to use or store in the apartment things that have absorbed mercury. They should be burned.
- Throwing mercury into landfills or into sewers is prohibited. It must be disposed of without fail.
Compliance with the above recommendations will allow you to prevent mercury poisoning.
If a mercury thermometer broke in an apartment, what should be done to protect yourself from poisoning and other negative consequences? After the room has been completely cleared of mercury and treated with disinfecting solutions, it is necessary to remove all the clothes that were cleaned, take a shower, put on clean clothes, and rinse the mouth with a weak soda solution. In addition, try to drink as much as possible, especially herbal teas and milk. This will help the kidneys excrete toxins from the body.
In what cases without the help of experts can not do?
A mercury thermometer broke in an apartment - what to do if you don’t find a tip? The best way is to call in qualified specialists. This also applies to those cases where the thermometer was broken in small unventilated rooms. If you try to collect mercury yourself, you can strongly breathe poisonous vapors and get very heavy poisoning.
Mercury begins to boil and release fumes at a temperature slightly above 38 degrees, so if it gets on a hot surface, the room will almost instantly be filled with toxic fumes.
Also, if you suspect that mercury balls could remain somewhere, then you should not risk it. Immediately call the sanitary epidemiological station and call professionals to carry out the necessary measures for the disinfection of residential premises. Mercury thermometer crashed in the apartment, what to do? In St. Petersburg, Moscow and other major cities there is an alternative course of action, namely, environmental assessment. Specialists will check the level of mercury vapor in the room, as well as dispose of the broken thermometer and mercury balls.
Self-cleaning of the room from mercury is not recommended for people at high risk.
- women carrying the fruit;
- children and the elderly;
- people who have any chronic diseases of the genitourinary system and the central nervous system.
All other people can independently collect mercury balls, subject to compliance with all the rules and recommendations listed earlier in this article.
What to do in case of poisoning?
Has a mercury thermometer broken in an apartment? What to do in this case, has already been considered earlier, but what to do if, after all, poisoning by poisonous vapors occurred?
The main signs of poisoning are:
- severe migraines;
- weakness of the body;
- trembling in limbs;
- severe weight loss;
- taste of metal in the oral cavity.
Signs of poisoning in most cases occur approximately 5-6 hours after a person inhaled poisonous vapors. If this does happen, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible for an examination.
Inside a mercury thermometer contains a very dangerous substance that can lead to very strong poisoning.Therefore, in order to eliminate the possibility of intoxication, from 2020, mercury thermometers will be completely withdrawn from sale in Russia, and their use in medical institutions will be prohibited. These measures are fully justified, since cases of people turning to hospital with mercury vapor poisoning are quite frequent.
A few tips on using mercury thermometers
If you use a mercury thermometer, then it is very important to follow certain rules for their storage and operation. Keep the thermometer only in a protective case in places not accessible to children. To bring down the temperature must be away from furniture and walls, so as not to accidentally hit a thermometer on them and do not break it. If your child is sick and you want to measure his temperature, then do not leave the baby one step further so that he does not accidentally drop a thermometer.
Electronic thermometers, though not always, but still allow to measure the exact temperature of the body. Therefore, in order to completely eliminate the possibility of infection with mercury, discard the use of mercury thermometers. Use electronic measuring instruments and your family will be completely safe.
Breaking a glass thermometer containing mercury is fairly simple, so try to be extremely careful when using them. If suddenly you broke it, then try not to panic. In order to completely clean the room from mercury, it is better to leave your home for a while and let all professionals who have the necessary experience and skills to disinfect the premises from mercury and its fumes do this.