Counting cross embroidery technique and work process (photo)
It is necessary to purchase the following devices in advance:
- Embroidery frame;
Needles when embroidering technique printed crossFit any, but it is more convenient to thread in the eye of an elongated shape. Wooden hoop is more reliable than plastic ones. Modern models are equipped with wheels to tighten the fabric more tightly.
The choice of canvas in stores is very largeDomestic, and imported production. For beginners, a material with well-defined cells of an average cell size is suitable. Technique counting cross, well mastered by experienced craftsmen, can be performed on the fabric of "dvunitka." Weaving on it is even and the threads are large, it is easy to count the cells or to spread them with a special pencil.
Technics printed cross is embroidered with threads"Mulina" made of cotton. They are high-quality, bright, well-colored and do not shed during washing. They are released in 6 additions and are easily disconnected during operation. Some masters use woolen threads.
When working on embroidery, it is more convenient to useScissors of small size, are always at hand. The scheme is selected at its discretion. For beginners to sample their strengths suitable for easy execution and small drawings. Experienced craftsmen use schemes of any complexity.
Ready-made sets The convenience of using ready-made embroidery kits is undeniable. It includes:
- Threads (by colors and in the right amount);
- Embroidery frame;
- Canvas, with crossed, patterned or without it.
The handicraftsman only remains an exciting process of making the original thing.
Species variety of embroidery cross
Cross can be of several types:
- The uncountable;
To begin with it is necessary to understand terminology,Understand what differentiates one species from another. The easiest technique is the printed cross. It is directly printed on the fabric with a pattern in the color you want to embroider. The needlewoman can only take a thread of the right color and fill the material with stitches.
An uncountable cross - the picture is painted on a canvas withoutDivision into separate stitches. Only the color of the threads to be used is shown. Sometimes transitions from one shade to another end in the middle of the cell and the craftsman must decide which yarn to use. An uncountable cross is also used when the canvas is partially embroidered. When individual fragments remain simply shaded, and the rest are filled with stitches.
Counting cross is the most complicated version of needlework. For him, take a clean canvas without a picture and a diagram. During the manufacturing process, the embroiderer constantly counts the stitches of the desired shade. Here the most important thing is not to make mistakes, otherwise you will have to redo the wrong places again.
The printed cross
The uncountable cross
Beginning of work
, You can start working. Technique printed and uncountable cross allows you to start the needlework from any place. There is no need to determine how many centimeters to move away from the edge, because the drawing is directly on the material. When
Work starts from the middle of the canvas, so that the picture ends evenly from each edge.
Determine the size of the canvas in this way: Divide the original number by the number of crosses of 1 cm. From each edge, add 5 cm for a frame-baguette or 3 cm for a conventional design. The edge of the material is swept as a prevention of the shedding of threads during the needlework. For the convenience of embroidery from the edges of the product sew on the sewing machine in the most rare stitch a small additional strip of fabric. At the end of work, it is discarded.
If you use ordinary tissue, then a special water-soluble or vanishing pencil draws the cells along the ruler. Such help will help the needlewoman not to be mistaken in the figure.
Fixing threads This is done in several ways:
- Threading in a loop;
- Fastening with crosses.
Fixing the thread using the "Loop" method If the quantityStrands even, then cut its length 2 times more than necessary, and the number - 2 times less. Fold it in half and put it in a needle. I'm on the wrong side of the front pierce the fabric. Then, making a cruciform stitch, stuck it back and threaded into the loop, fixing the thread. Next, continue the embroidery, as usual.
With any number of strands using the methodFastening crosses. Pierce the fabric from the wrong side. Pull out the thread, leaving the end 2 cm. Holding it with your finger, make stitches, sewing the beginning.
Fasten the end of the yarn, passing the needle from the wrong side through several crosses. Nodes in needlework do not apply, so as not to spoil the appearance of the product.
Having prepared everything necessary, proceed toCreativity. Tighten the material without distortion on the embroidery frame. Cut the yarn of the desired color length of 25-30 cm. The larger size it can become entangled and form nodules.
The main condition of beautiful sewing by the method of countableAnd a printed cross, smooth, one-way directed stitches of the upper layer. If a fragment of one color is large, then first put the bottom stitches to the end of the row, then return back, bringing the pattern to the full cross. So on the rows fill one color.
In small color areas, each element is made separately, by stitching in opposite directions along the diagonal of the cell.
Types of stitches by the method of Counting Cross
- Full - stitches are superimposed diagonally against each other in two opposite directions. Used most often in products;
- Semicross - only one stitch is executed diagonally in the cell, in the same direction as the upper stitches in the full cross, unless another option is specified in the diagram;
- ¼ or ¾ - apply in the transition of one colorYarns on the other, so that the corners do not turn out stepped, more flattened. The lower stitch is made from the corner to the middle of the square along the diagonal, and the top stitch is completely from one extreme point to the other;
- Double Bulgarian - the most beautiful and moreDense appearance. Each element is executed separately. First lay 2 stitches diagonally, then 2 more in the horizontal and vertical direction. It gives the finished tapestry volume and complicates the surface relief;
- "Back needle" - this seam is used forTracing the contour of an individual element or embroidering small details (eyes, nose, stamens near a flower). First, a stitch is made forward, then on the face side the needle returns to 1 cell back. Pass 2 cells on the wrong side and pierce the material on the front side. So continue to the end of the line. You can lay this seam in different directions: diagonally, vertically and horizontally.
Seam "back needle"
Registration finished embroidery
The material is taken off the hoop, if necessaryWashed in a little warm, soapy water. Smooth from the back side, applying a damp gauze and with a slight heating of the iron. Paintings and tapestries are made in a baguette. It is selected for the color scheme of the embroidery itself. It should not be too massive to not suppress the image in the picture.
In some cases, a mat is used for beauty. It is a small frame made of colored cardboard and takes up space between embroidery and baguette.
To make the material less dirty, useTransparent glass, which is inserted in front of the picture in a baguette and fixed on it with special corners. In the middle, attach a loop for fixing on the wall.
Having received all the necessary knowledge when embroidering with a technique a counting and printed cross, you can safely get down to work.