Comparison of the armed forces of Russia and the United States
For many years, the inflamed minds of the layman are worried about a hypothetical military conflict between the two powers of Russia and the United States. To present a military conflict of these two states in its pure form is almost impossible. It is hardly possible to assume that neighboring states would not be drawn into a military clash between these two countries. In addition, the United States, as a member of NATO, can count, if not on the full support of the alliance, then at least on the support of its main European ally, Britain. However, we will try, nevertheless, to simply analyze what the armies of the two countries can oppose to each other.
The meaning of this confrontation, its reality, as well as the possibility of full-fledged military aggression against Russia with the introduction of US ground forces on its territory, will be left behind the brackets. Information for comparison is taken from open sources, which everyone has access to.Most of the information about the exact number of weapons and troops is secret information, which, if published, is often with delays, which means that the values given can change to a lesser or greater extent.
The number of armies
A comparison of the military potential of the two powers can be started with the population of the two countries. The population of Russia as of January 1, 2013 was 143,347,059 people, the population of the USA as of December 2012 was 314,895,000 people. Actually, already from these figures it is clear that in the event of a global war, the United States will be ready to put under the gun much more physically healthy and strong male citizens. The potential mobilization reserve of Russia is estimated at 31 million people, the United States - at 56 million people (if we take into account all males from 17 to 49 years old - not less than 109 million). At the same time, it should be understood that even the United States cannot supply under the gun so many people. For the maintenance of such an army is not enough weapons, ammunition, food, clothing, and transport logistics will turn into a real hell.
At the same time, the war of attrition can make up for the USA’s own losses much more effectively and for much longer.At the same time, a professional mobilization reserve simply does not exist in Russia. Currently, work on its creation is only at the beginning. The number of Russian armed forces was brought up to 1 million people, of which about 70,000 people are behind the staff, and another 300 thousand are conscripts. The US Army is fully professional, its strength is about 1.4 million, and another 1.1-1.3 million people comprise the nearest mobilization reserve or reserve. All of them have a valid contract with the Ministry of Defense, are regularly involved in exercises and combat training and, if necessary, can be called up for active duty.
According to the 2012 military doctrine published in Supporting US Global Leadership. The priorities of the defense of the 21st century "The US Army is ready to wage at the same time only 1 full-scale war, restraining the enemy’s aggressive actions in other regions of the Earth. Previously, it was supposed to conduct simultaneously 2 full-scale wars. Proceeding from this, in the event of military aggression against Russia, the US Army will be able to allocate for this purpose most of its armed forces.
Technical equipment of ground forces
The main striking force of the ground forces are tanks. As of 2012, the US Army was armed with 1,963 Abrams tanks in the M1A2 version, of which 588 were upgraded to the M1A2SEP version. In addition, the US military has about 2,400 M1A1 tanks and about 2,385 M1 tanks in storage.
MBT "Abrams" M1A2
In the Russian army, the most modern tank is the T-90. In total, the armed forces have about 500 such MBTs in the T-90A and T-90AK versions. That is, a certain parity is observed in the most advanced tanks in the armies of the two countries. At the same time, the Russian army has about 4,500 T-80 tanks of various modifications, which undergo a major overhaul (for 2010). There are also about 12,500 T-72 tanks of various modifications in the troops and storage bases. Thus, even if at least a third of these vehicles are on the move, filled up, crews will be planted and ammunition loaded into tanks, their number will exceed the number of the American tank fleet. Given that the United States will not be able to deploy all its tanks against Russia, quantitative superiority will be absolute. In terms of the total number of tanks, Russia surpasses the USA by no less than 2.5 times.
Also in service with the US Army there are about 6,500 BMP "Bradley", in turn, Russia has about 700 BMP-3, 4500 BMP-2 and almost 8000 BMP-1. The fleet of armored personnel carriers in the Russian army is about 4900 units from the BTR-70 to the BTR-82A. It is assumed that by 2020 all the BTR-80 of the Russian army will be upgraded to the level of the BTR-82A (AM). Also, the Russian Airborne Forces have about 1,500 units of BMD of all modifications and about 700 more BTR-D. In the US Army, there are significantly more armored personnel carriers - about 16,000.
One of the main components of the success of ground operations is still good artillery preparation. Currently, the US Army has about 2000 self-propelled guns and another 1,500 towed guns. In the Russian army, according to data for 2010, there were more than 6,800 self-propelled guns and more than 7,500 towed guns. Of these, 4,600 accounted for the 122-mm howitzer D-30, which will be written off before the end of 2013. In addition, Russia has about 3,500 MLRSs, while the American army has only 830 of such systems. Thus, on paper, the Russian army has superiority over the American in self-propelled artillery by 3.4 times, in towed 5 (in 1.9 after the write-off of D-30), in the MLRS by 4.2 times.
At the same time, there are only about 2,500 tanks directly in the states of brigades and military bases in the Russian army. Make sure it is not difficult.In the Russian army there are only 4 separate tank brigades, each of them is equipped with 91-94 MBT in the states. There are also about 30 separate motorized rifle brigades (I counted only 27, but I could be wrong), each of which has in its composition a tank battalion — 41 tanks. The remaining tanks are on the bases of storage and repair of military equipment (BHiRVT). The same situation can be projected on the artillery.
In addition, the army of the two countries have a large number of helicopters. The US Army has about 2,700 combat helicopters. The Russian army has fewer helicopters - 1368 units (about 2 times less).
Air Force equipment
The US Air Force is a formidable force, the number of combat aircraft, they occupy the first place in the world. The regular units of the US Air Force (2011) include 144 strategic bomber (66 B-1, 20 B-2 and 58 B-52), 297 attack aircraft A-10, 1629 fighter jets (471 - F-15, 968 - F -16, 179 - F-22, 11 F-35). It is worth noting that the United States is the only country in the world armed with a 5th generation fighter, talking about the F-22 Raptor. In addition, as part of the Navy (in 2008) there were 867 F / A-18 fighter-attack aircraft.Total combat aircraft excluding those in reserve - 2937 units.
It is worth noting that the composition of the Russian Air Force is of a secret nature, which means that the information provided may contain inaccuracies. Regular Russian air forces include 80 strategic bombers (16 - Tu-160, 64 - Tu-95MS), 150 long-range bombers Tu-22M3, 241 attack aircraft Su-25, 164 front-line bomber Su-24M and M2 34 The fighter aviation includes 953 vehicles (282 - MiG-29, 252 - MiG-31, 400 - Su-27, 9 - Su-30 and 10 - Su-35S). The total composition of military aviation is 1614 aircraft (approximately). Thus, the enemy has approximately 2-fold superiority in combat aviation.
It is worth noting that at present the Russian Air Force is actively being modernized and re-equipped. The number of modern aircraft in them will grow, and their own fifth-generation aircraft, the PAK FA, will appear. At the same time, the Su-35S aircraft is almost as good as the 5th generation aircraft in terms of its capabilities; the Russian Air Force plans to acquire at least 48 of these vehicles. Also for 2012, half of the Su-27 was upgraded to the version of the Su-27SM3, and this is, in fact, another machine that is able to fight on equal terms with all 4th generation aircraft.The MiG-31 interceptor planes are being actively upgraded.
In addition, Russian aviation has a trump card up its sleeve. The air-to-air guided missiles of the Russian Air Force have the largest flight range among these types of weapons. The R-73 rocket, which can be used by MiG-31BM fighter-interceptors and Su-27 fighters, is capable of hitting targets at a distance of 300 km! In addition, work is underway in Russia on the KS-172 missile, which has an even greater range of destruction - up to 400 km. And the new missile RVV-BD, at the same time, the medium-range missile RVV-SD has a range of approximately 110 km. The most advanced American all-weather guided missiles AIM-120C7 and AIM-120D are able to hit targets at a distance of 120 and 180 km. respectively.
Su-35, Su-27 and MiG-31BM, equipped with modern radar and R-37 missiles with a greater launch range than any American rocket, allow these vehicles to significantly reduce their lag even before the most modern American fighter of the 5th generation F-22 Raptor, with low visibility. With the F-15, F-16 and F / A-18 fighters, they can deal without any problems.
The main trump card of Russia in a possible military conflict, in addition to not the weakest air force, is the country's air defense system, which is able to make the Russian sky inaccessible to the actions of aviation of any potential enemy. And without the support of aviation today it is impossible to conduct any kind of successful combat operations against sufficiently strong ground enemy groupings. Given that the US Army will be forced to fight for bridgeheads and their further expansion at the initial stage of the campaign, such operations without air supremacy will be doomed to failure.
According to the report of the Australian analytical center Air Power Australia, which was a comparison of American military aircraft and Russian air defense systems. In the event of a full-scale military conflict, the possibility of the survival of aviation by the US Air Force is almost completely excluded due to the fact that Russian air defense systems: radar systems and anti-aircraft missile systems have reached the highest level of development. Modern Russian air defense systems S-400 have no analogues in the world at all and are significantly superior to the American Patriot.
At the same time, the components of the backbone of the Russian air defense systems S-300 are still able to deal with any potential adversary. According to a number of European experts, the Russian air defense system is able to destroy up to 80% of all types of aircraft that have invaded its airspace. Russian specialists are more modest and estimate this number at 60-65%, but in any case, the enemy’s aviation will suffer only irreplaceable damage, from which it can no longer recover. For 2010, there were about 2100 S-300 launchers of various types in the Russian air defense, 9 divisions were deployed - 72 launchers; in total, 56 divisions armed with this complex are planned to be deployed by 2020. In addition, the troops have at least 22 short-range air defense systems - Pantsir-S1.
It is air defense that is the main trump card of Russia and its “umbrella” that will protect the country from possible aggression. Under the protection of air defense until 2020, Russia will be able to significantly upgrade both its ground forces and the Air Force, which will be replenished with new combat equipment. After 2020, the likelihood of a direct armed conflict between the US and Russia, which even now seems very unlikely, will fall to almost zero.