Cologne water: what is it, history, reviews
What is "water from Cologne"? Let us read this name in the French manner. Eau de Cologne sounds like "Eau de cologne". Cologne water, therefore, is a perfume, intended primarily for men. It should contain 70% of alcohols and only two to five percent of aromatic substances. Among all perfume products, cologne takes the last place in terms of the smell. Above is the toilet water (4-7 percent of aromatic substances), Eau de Parfum (7-12%) and, finally, perfume (12-20%). But why cologne bears the name of the German city? And can any perfumery products, labeled as eau de Cologne, be called Cologne water? This we will discuss in our article. We will also review the interesting Cologne water presented by the company "Yves Rocher".
History of invention
Previously, perfume was produced on the basis of oils. And only since the eighteenth century they began to do with the use of a universal solvent - alcohol. This volatile substance helps the smell to open up. In one thousand seven hundred and ninth year, an Italian by birth Giovanni Maria Farina founded in Cologne a perfumery manufactory. It still functions today, being the world's oldest enterprise for the production of perfume.
Farina has experimented a lot with citrus fruitssmells, trying to recreate the scent of a fresh Italian morning. In the end, he invented the formula where the chords of lime, cedar, bergamot, grapefruit and orange merge into a complex and unordinary composition with notes of greenery and flowers. And that the smell was easy, like a morning haze, the perfumer diluted spirits with alcohol in a ratio of seventy percent. His son Farina named in honor of the city in which he settled and already began to be considered the second homeland - Kölnisch Wasser. Cologne water came to the liking of the French. They translated this name and began to call eau de Cologne all light perfume products.
Cologne in Russia
In the country water from Cologne appeared only afterWar of 1812. When the Russian troops repulsed Napoleon, they reached Paris. Therefore, the Cologne water became known not in German, but in French pronunciation - "About de Colon." Russia has become the largest market for this perfume. The Imperial Court of the Romanovs constantly ordered cologne, created according to the formula of Farina. But domestic perfumers did not sit idly by. They developed a new formula for Cologne water, to which they added three components. These were the essential oils of neroli, lemon and bergamot. Therefore, they called the Russian cologne "Triple".
Cologne water as a souvenir
Tourists who come to this city on the Rhine,famous for its highest Gothic cathedral, brought from it as a memo cologne, on the label of which in the beautiful vignette is "4711". What does this product have in common with the child of Farina?
In Cologne early nineteenth century livedvery enterprising family of the Myllens. Her head, Wilhelm, bought out the right to use the brand "Farina", and then resold it to other perfumers. Those began to stamp their colognes, until the court decision was not allowed to do so. Then the descendant of Wilhelm, Ferdinand, founded his own factory at Glockengasse No. 4711. It still exists. The cologne "No. 4711" of this manufactory is the aromatic business card of Cologne. Products are sold in various packages, as in large pot-bellied bottles, and in tiny souvenir bottles.
Description of the fragrance «№ 4711»
This Cologne water has only one commonthe creation of Farina - the concentration of essential substances. The cologne, however, is a product of unisex. The top notes in the aromatic composition are citrus: bergamot, orange, lemon. Their sharpness is mitigated by the warm tones of a peach with a spicy shade of basil. In the heart of this fragrance flowers dominate. This is a lily, cyclamen, a Bulgarian rose and jasmine. To the smell has become completely ladies, to the notes of the heart was added a ripe melon. But the base of the composition is male. In it, the Tahitian vetiver, sandalwood, cedar and oak moss are guessed. Sweet notes of patchouli and white musk can be heard in the long fascinating trail.
Experts believe that Farine belong to laurelsthe discoverer of cologne as a perfume product with a weak concentration of aromatic substances. But Ferdinand Mullens invented the universal formula of the best Cologne water. This Kölnisch Wasser became the same symbol of the city as its famous cathedral.
"Yves Rocher", Cologne water: reviews
Despite the fact that cologne as a perfumeproduction was born in Germany, its promotion and popularization was mainly the French. Many brands in this country offer Cologne water. And often this product is suitable for both men and women. Not surprisingly, such a famous firm as "Yves Rocher", also released a line of fragrances called "Vegetable Freshness". It consists of five products, published in the concentration of "Cologne water". "Yves Rocher" emphasizes that they are all unisex. However, this is disputed.
For example, "Honeysuckle" is too tart andwill suit only a woman with a male character. But "Verbena", thanks to warm musky notes, more to face the ladies. "Bamboo" and "Green Tea" - this is really the fragrances of unisex. But about the "Blue Cedar" users can not come to one point of view. On the one hand, the coniferous smell makes the fragrance masculine. But on the other hand, the sweetness of cedar nuts makes it possible to refer the product to cologne for women.