Bringing to suicide
Russia is among the leading countries in terms ofthe number of suicides in the world. Most suicides are due to the adverse impact of surrounding people on the victim. In the Criminal Code of 1960, in the section "Bringing to suicide" (Article 107), a person was considered guilty only if the aggrieved party was financially dependent on him. In 1996, this article was changed. The victim could be any individual. The current article - "Bringing to suicide" - can cause accusations of any stranger who has somehow influenced the commission of suicide. For disseminating defamatory fabrications or threats against the victim, the suspect may be prosecuted.
Let's look at the objective side of the article "Bringing to suicide." The case starts if:
1. The conduct of the accused is not fair, that is: cruel treatment, threats, humiliation of human dignity.
2. If by the actions the accused brought the victim to a dead-end situation, in which the latter felt hopeless.
3. If the victim was induced to commit suicide, and the reasons for this are due to the behavior of the suspect.
The article "Bringing to suicide" provides a clear list of punishable actions that contribute to suicide:
- threats against the victim;
- rude treatment;
- constant humiliation of dignity.
Under the article "Bringing to suicide" is notthere are no other actions. For example, it does not include the constant harassment of a beloved girl or a delay in the payment of wages. As for the qualification of threats, there are no explanations. Therefore, the investigator can take the following actions for them: violence, illegal eviction, dissemination of information of an intimate kind. But dismissal from work, which entailed suicide, can not be attributed to Article 110.
Ill-treatment is quite an estimatea concept that is used in other articles of the law. To him can be considered various cruel physical actions: beatings, rape, restriction in movement. Basically, it assumes constant, regular behavior of the accused. Repeated insults and mockery are called in the Criminal Code the term "systematic humiliation of dignity." Suicide can be caused by both direct actions and inaction. For example, a refusal to provide food. The subjective side of this issue is contentious: some investigators may allow negligence in this case, others - indirect intent, and still others - direct intent.
There is a general rule that pushingsomeone is suicidal either through negligence or with indirect intent. But direct intent is not excluded: the person brings the victim to suicide, that is, implies the possibility of further suicide. With the help of threats and cruel treatment, he brings a victim to these thoughts. For example, the victim, who is constantly under pressure, declares that he will settle accounts with life, if this does not stop. Knowing this, the accused continues to threaten the victim, wanting her to die. With the direct intent of the actions of the accused can be regarded as murder. But in practice, it is difficult to prove, since the victim himself is committing a conscious killing of himself, who is in his right mind. With the text of article 110 "Bringing to suicide" you can learn more about the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.