Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
What is a hangover
The emergence of post-intoxication syndrome, popularly known as a hangover, coincides with the transition from the first to the second stage of alcoholism. This condition is a consequence of poisoning of the body with the decay products of ethyl alcohol. A hangover in a relatively healthy person is manifested by headache, weakness, thirst, tremor of the upper limbs, and sometimes vomiting. Getting rid of unpleasant symptoms occurs within a few hours, and the thought of alcohol seems disgusting to a person. As acetaldehyde and acetic acid (metabolites of ethyl alcohol) leave the body, the hangover retreats.
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome: symptoms and causes
This pathological condition has symptoms similar to post-toxic syndrome. Against the background of heavy libations on the eve (or binge), the person feels completely overwhelmed, and the tremor of the hands, characteristic of a hangover, is replaced by a trembling of the whole body. The protective gag reflex is absent due to an increase in tolerance to ethanol in patients with alcoholism.But in some cases, withdrawal syndrome is complicated by severe vomiting with blood. The appearance of this symptom is a terrible symptom, as it can be caused by internal bleeding. It is likely that the thinned vessels of the esophagus or the stomach are damaged, and a person needs urgent hospitalization. Bleeding in the intestine is indicated by the black color of the feces. If you do not seek medical help in time, the patient will die. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is always accompanied by an irresistible desire to drink. Compulsive craving for alcohol is a consequence of the fact that ethanol is "involved" in the metabolic processes of the body. The brain, the liver, the cardiovascular system, with long-term alcohol poisoning, uniquely adapt to this way of life. With an abrupt cessation of ethanol use, the body experiences secondary stress, which lasts for three to five days. But withdrawal syndrome has besides somatic and other manifestations. Let us consider these symptoms in more detail.
Abstinence syndrome and mental disorders
The nervous system responds to such stress with persistent insomnia and nightmarish dreams.After some time, visual and auditory hallucinations, as well as paranoid delusions may appear. If a person at this time does not receive comprehensive help from specialists, then he develops delirium tremens. A patient with delirium tremens is dangerous both for himself and for those around him, he completely loses his self-control.
How to remove withdrawal syndrome
Home treatment is almost impossible, as it is fraught with a huge number of complications. A person who has been diagnosed with alcohol withdrawal syndrome requires round-the-clock medical supervision. The first aid consists in cleansing the blood from the decay products of ethyl alcohol and restoring the electrolytic balance in the body. Only absolute sobriety will help to avoid relapses of alcohol withdrawal.